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Full text of "Fifty Switzerlands in one; Banff the beautiful, Canada's national park. Where to go and what to see in and around Banff"

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WHERE TO GO AND WHAT TO SEE 
IN AND AROUND BANFF 



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INTRODUCTORY 



MAKING a call one day "Crag and Canyon" found the writer of this 
book busying himself at facts, figures and fancies, regarding 
Banff and the Rocky Mountains. It was seized upon as of 
advantage, and kindly worked into fuller shape than was at first intend- 
ed, with result that a complete Guide Book is presented — a work that 
should prove of service to all visiting Banff, in Canada's National Park. 
It is to Mr. H. C. Stovel, one of Winnipeg's oldest timers and pub- 
lishers, that Banff is indebted to for the manuscript of the Banff Guide. 
With his well known generosity he has given to Banff all the matter 
this book contains, having taken him the best part of a winter's so- 
_ j o u r n i n 

Banff to get 
together the 
facts. 

It is pub- 
lished in the 
hope that all 
will be able 
to better enjoy the wonderful heritage there 
is in the Canadian West. There is all that 
the nature lover can look for. From Winnipeg 
westward, is the bountiful prairie, heavily 
laden with bending grain; and then, within a few hours, the majestic 
Rockies are reached. 

A little west of the entrance to the mountain section of Canada, is 
Banff, Alberta, a most beautiful summer, or health, resort, 4,510 ft. 
above sea level, and amidst peaks many thousands of feet higher. 
Viewed from any standpoint, it is a Paradise to the one fond of out- 
doors. In summer, the mountains are gloriously clothed with the green 
verdure, and they are fully as glorious in winter, with the dark green of 
the spruce and pines, and the black of shrubs, standing out prominently 
through the snow-clad valleys and heights. Everything that the 
pleasure, or rest seeker can wish for is obtainable. 

THE PUBLISHERS. 





Mount Ball, near Banff 



BANFF GUIDE 



THE TOP O' THE WORLD 

Fill me a cup with the air of the mount- 
ains. 
Breath of the heather and fragrance 
of pines — 
Bright with the laughter of swift run- 
ning waters, 
Lit with the sparkle of sunlight that 
shines. 
Over the peaks of Mt. Edith and 
Rundle — 
Beauty that's old, yet entirely new — 
Up, lads and drink it: The Irishman's 
greeting, 
Here's wishing "The Top o' the 
World" to you. 

Here in the mountain's vastness. 
Where clamor and turmoil seem 

Like wraiths of a day forgotten, 
The mists of a vanished dream. 

You have made for the world a play- 
ground, 

You have builded a fairy town. 
In the heart of a soothing stillness 

Where the giant peaks look down. 



In the shade of your murmuring pine 
trees, 

Is healing and peace and rest. 
The long dim trails on the mountain side 

Call men of the East and West. — 

Northland and South give answer, 
Ever their roadway makes. 

To the peace of the snowcrowned Rockies 
To the joy of your turquoise lakes. 

Then fill me a cup with the air of the 
mountains. 
Breath of the heather and fragrance 
of pines — • 
Bright with the laughter of swift run- 
ning waters 
Lit with the sparkle of sunlight that 
shines. 
Over the peaks of Mt. Edith and 
Rundle, — 
Beauty that's old, yet entirely new — 
Up, lads, and drink it: The Irishman's 
greeting. 
Here's wishing "The Top o' the 
World" to you. 

MAY STANLEY. 



FACTS REGARDING BANFF 



Source of Canada's great Sulphur 

Springs. 
Is called the "Sulphur City." 
Has no Mayor or Aldermen. 
Has Board of Trade. 
Is Government-owned and controlled. 
Population, 1200. 
Has the purest of water. 
More Honeymoons are spent here 

than elsewhere. 
The Mecca of Kodakers. 
Is Home of Canada's Zoo. 
Is the home of the Alpine Club of 

Canada. 
Wild Animals roam at large, un- 
molested. 
Its streets are named after animals. 
The inspiring, health-giving town. 
The town with rustic buildings. 
Has the most unique bank building. 
Has tidiest lumber yard in Western 

Canada. 
Its business thoroughfare studded 

with spruce. 
Will before long have electric power 

to sell. 
$750,000 were spent in improvements 

in 1912-13. 
Six miles of streets. 
22,648 feet water mains. 
14,100 feet sewers. 
4 miles of gravel walks. 
475 yards of cement walks. 
1320 yards of plank walks. 



Anglican Church Baseball Club 

Boy Cadets Boating Club 

Conservative Association 

Cricket Club Curling Club 

Daughters of the Empire 

Dominion Express Office 

Eastern Star Lodge 

Football Club 

Fire Brigade and Hall 

Girl Guides Golf Club 

Government Offices 

Hockey Club Liberal Association 

Masonic Lodge 

Movies and Theatre 

Museums and Zoo 

Oddfellow's Lodge 

Orange Lodge Overseas Club 

Post Office Public School 

Quadrille Club 

Red Cross Association 

Recreation Grounds 

Rebekah Lodge R. C. Church 

R.N.W.M.P. Station 

Rifle Association 

Stipendiary Magistrate 

Telegraph Offices 

Telephone Exchange, Local and Long 

Distance 
Two Weekly Newspapers 
Union (Methodist-Presbyterian) 

Church 
Weather Observatory 
Winter Sports Club 
Young People's Society 



BANFF GUIDE 



BANFF THE BEAUTIFUL 



THE C.P.R. (com- 
pleted in 1885) 
runs through 
Rocky Mountains 
Park, from east to 
west, and 82 miles 
west of Calgary is the 
Town of Banff, so 
named by Sir George 
Stephen, after the 
Banff of Scotland in 
which he lives. 
Though Banff is forty 
miles from the east- 
ern boundary of the 
Park, the town is, in 
reality, the beginning 
of the mountainous 
section of the Rockies, 
and the natural start- 
ing place for all that 
is of interest within 
the great Park. It is 
4,510 feet above sea 
level and lies in a 
beautiful natural am- 
phitheatre, or valley, surrounded on the 
north by Cascade and Vermilion Moun- 
tains, and on the south by Sulphur 
Mountain, at the foot of which is the 
Bow River. The railway track skirts 
the first named mountains, leaving little 
more between it and their base than 
room for the Pacific Auto Drive. 

Banff is what may he termed a Gov- 
ernment-owned and controlled corpor- 
ation. No freehold titles for lots are 
issued, the property being all leasehold. 
The town has electric light, local and 
long distance telephones, and complete 
sewer system. There is a gravity water 
supply piped from up in the mountains, 
and the water is tested regularly by 
the Dominion authorities, results show- 
ing that it is of the highest state of 
purity of any water in Canada. 

Entering the town from the railway 
station one goes southwards on Lynx 
Avenue and along Cariboo to the main 
thoroughfare, Banff Avenue, which lat- 
ter thoroughfare is paved and boulevard- 
ed, and is one of the two roadways 
in the place not named after an animal. 
The buildings are largely in keeping 
with the surroundings, artistic and 
attractive. The idea of keeping the 
whole as near to Nature as possible has 
been well carried out. There are theatres, 
and several moving picture houses, 
giving indoor amusement, and the fine 
large recreation grounds for outside 




Banff Avenue and Cascade, Mountain 



sports and games which are well equip- 
ped with the necessary paraphenalia. 

At the south end of Banff Avenue, on 
the west side, is the free Government 
Museum and Zoo, while a little further 
westward, on a bend in the Bow River, 
are the boathouses, the starting point 
to some of the most picturesque boat 
rides in North America. On the south 
bank is another museum. Crossing the 
iron bridge, which is being supplanted 
by a fine $200,000 concrete structure, 
one reaches the resort, or pleasure Park, 
proper, the avenues of which are called 
after the special feature reached by each, 
such as Cave, Glen, Mountain and 
Spray. The bridge covers the top of 
the rapids leading to Bow Falls, and 
no boats are allowed to pass under it. 
The new bridge will land on top of the 
high bank on the south side of the 
river, so that the roadways at this 
point in 1915, will be subways. 



CANADA'S NATIONAL PARK 

Canada's National Park, officially 
known as the Rocky Mountains Park 
of Canada, in which is situated the town 
of Banff, is in the Province of Alberta, 
and embraces a number of ranges of the 
greatest stretch of mountain peaks in 
America. 

The scenery within the Park is 
charming, and majestic, giving it the 



BANFF GUIDE 



well-deserved name of "the Switzerland 
of America." It is controlled by the 
Dominion Government, and thousands 
of dollars are spent annually in its 
improvement and upkeep. This mag- 
nificent district was first brought to 
notice in the '80 's and since then has 
become known world-wide. At the 
widest point, it is 42 miles (east to west) 
by 90 miles long (north to south) and 
covers 960,000 acres, principally moun- 
tainous. Over 1 18 miles of roads and 
249 miles of trails have been constructed, 
simply affording sufficient avenues for 
the visitor to comprehend the grandeur, 
— the great aim of the authorities being 
to retain the wonderful tract in as near 
a primeval condition as possible. There 
are a number of splendid streams and 
lakes, all carrying a variety of trout 
and other fish, furnishing ample sport 
for devotees of Isaac Walton. On some 
of the larger bodies of water there are 
commodious launches and many row- 
boats and canoes. At different points 
along the rivers are beautiful falls, dark 
ravines, and broad valleys studded with 
spruce, pine, and other trees and shrubs. 
Mountain climbs invite on all sides. 
Mountain sheep, goats and deer roam 
over the place, unmolested by man or 
dog, the latter not being allowed to run 
at large. Rocky Mountains Park is a 
paradise for the Nature lover, the ad- 
mirer of grandeur, the individual seek- 
ing rest, or he who seeks mountain 
climbing or rambles in valley or wood. 
Numerous drives furnish a most ex- 
hilarating outing for the less robust 
traveler. The invalid, camper, fisher, 
hunter, canoest, rider, driver, botanist, 
geologist, or explorer, can find that 
which will contribute invigoration and 
pleasure and be within easy reach of 
that which gives comfort and luxury. 

HEALTH RESORT 

Banff has been known as a health 
resort for many years. Away back in 
the 80 's, the knowledge was gained that 
the mineral waters found in the district 
were of curative value. Test after test 
was made, by Dominion Government 
officials, and the views held by Dr. 
R. G. Brett were fully established. The 
matter was taken up with the C.P.R., 
with result that it was one of the factors 
that led that corporation to take such 
an interest in the place. The Sanitar- 
ium was first established, and later the 
Hospital; and the advantages of the 
water, becoming more and more ack- 
nowledged, the springs were utilized 
to a greater extent. Now numbers in 



a rundown condition find it to their 
advantage to visit the place and make 
use of the facilities offered for restora- 
tion. 

Under Sulphur Water, Sulphur Baths, 
and Cave and Basin, the medicinal 
qualities of the sulphur water are treat- 
ed more at length. 

In the days of long ago, the use of 
the water, for medicinal purposes, was 
available in a large hole on Mt. Sulphur. 
To reach this, there was flight after 
flight of steps. The railing of the steps 
was made of rustic wood, and to this 
railing were attached crutches brought 
to the place by those ailing, but which 
after the individuals had received benefit 
were cast aside. Immediately a crutch 
was thrown away it was seized upon 
and made do duty as an advertisement. 
Each crutch was tacked up at the side 
of the steps and the name of the in- 
dividual, date of cure, etc., placed on it. 
It was a unique advertising scheme, in 
keeping with the surroundings. Un- 
fortunately a fire took place at the spot 
and all the crutches were destroyed. 
Some of them were very original, being 
made of wooden poles, secured in the 
woods, and, after being cut the required 
length, had pieces nailed across the top 
for the arm-rest; others were of course 
more finished. Some of the poles were 
peeled, while others were in the rough. 



HEIGHT OF IMPORTANT 
MOUNTAINS 

The most important Mountains, 
within the Rocky Mountains Park, and 
their height, are as follows: — 

As one enters the Park from the east: 

The Three Sisters, near Canmore, 
9,704 ft. 
Near Lake Minnewanka: 

Mount Aylmer, 10,333 ft. 

Peechee, 9,585 ft. 

Inglismaldie. 9,685 ft. 
In the immediate vicinity of Banff: 

Rundle, 9,615 ft. 

Cascade, 9,830 ft. 

Sulphur, 8,030 ft. 

Bourgeau Range, 9,5 10 ft. 

Tunnel, 5,5 10 ft. 
To the south of Banff, along the 
Divide: 

Mount Assiniboine, 1 1,860 ft. 
West of Banff: 

Castle Mountain, 9,000 ft. 
Near Lake Louise: 

Mount Lefroy, 11,290 ft. 

Victoria, 11,400 ft. 

Fairview, 9,001 ft. 

Temple, 11,637 ft. 

Hungabee, 11,305 ft. 

Deltaform, 1 1,225 ft. 



10 



BANFF GUIDE 




BANFF GUIDE 



11 



INTERESTING PLACES AND 
DISTANCES 

While the list of drives, walks and 
boat trips, mentioned elsewhere, cover 
the leading pleasure trips, in and around 
Banff, the traveller, having the time, 
can spend a number of days in charming 
sight-seeing. Here are a few of the 
more interesting, the figures given, 
denoting the mileage generally from 
Banff: 
Bankhead, C.P.R. Mines, where 

briquettes are made 5 

Banff to Stony Creek 17 

Stony Creek to Cuthead Cabin . . 9 

Cuthead to Windy Cabin 18 

Windy Cabin to Red Deer 40 

Buffalo Paddock 2 

Bow Summit, from Lake Louise. . 30 
Canmore, to Hospital and the 
mines, getting view of the Three 
Sisters Mountain (9,704 ft.) .... 16 
Castle Mountain (9,000 ft.) via the 

Vermilion Range 17 

Canmore, White Man's Pass, and 

Spray Lakes trail 18 

Cascade Mountain 4 

Cascade Trail 28 

Fatigue Creek via Sundance Can- 
yon 19 

Forty Mile Creek 4 

Healy Creek 7 

Hoodoos 4 

Hot Springs, up Mount Sulphur ... 3 
Kananaskis, eastern boundary of 
the Park and touching Stony 

Indian Reservation 35 

Lake Minnewanka, or Devil's Lake, 
for which a day should be taken 
in order that fishing may be in- 
dulged in. On the wav, views of 
Mt. Aylmer (10,33 3ft".), Perchee 
(9,585 ft.) and Ingilis Maldie 

(9,685 ft.) are obtained 9 

Lake Minnewanka Trail 14 

Lake Minnewanka Trail, via Carrot 

River 21 

Lake Louise 38 

Little Pipestone Valley to head of 

Redeer Valley 4 H 

Lumber Camp, on Spray River. . . 8 
Loop Drive, viewing Golf Links ... 7 
Moraine Lake via Lake Louise ... 45 
Mount Assiniboine (11,860 ft.), 
familiarly known as "The matter 
horn of the Rockies," on account 
of its striking resemblance to the 
famous Swiss Mountain. It is 
one of the most difficult mount- 
ains to clinb, the rocky side being 
almost vertical. To reach it, 
visitors take in scenery unequal- 
ed in the world 35 



Mount Aylmer (10,333 ft.) on the 

shores of Lake Minnewanka. ... 15 
Mouth of Red Earth Creek, to 
Simpson Summit via Shadow 

Lake and Mount Ball 27 

Mount Edith Pass, on auto road 

past Vermilion Lakes 6 

Mount Edith Trail to Sawback 

Trail 24 

Paciffc Auto Drive, west 28 

Calgary Auto Drive 90 

Pipestone Trail from Lake Louise. 28 
Rundle Mountain Trail (climb) ... 5 

Simpson Summit Trail 18 

Stony Squaw Mountain 4 

Sundance Canyon via Cave and 

Basin and open swimming pool. 4 
Spray Lakes and Eau Claire wagon 

road 28 

Sulphur Mountain Trail 4 

Tunnel Mountain Trail 1 J^ 

Town of Banff streets, viewing 
beautiful unique and rustic 

residences 6 

Tunnel Mountain Drive, via Cork- 
screw road 5 

Vermilion Auto Road, to lower 

Twin Lake 4 3^ 

Window of the Gods, to the south- 
west, to reach which trail is taken 
and short climb made 12 



PARK REGULATIONS IN BRIEF 

The defacement of any object, at the 
various springs, pavilions, trees, bridges, 
seats, etc., by cutting, or otherwise, is 
strictly forbidden. 

As the penalty for starting forest 
fires is very heavy, it is well that every 
person, doing so in the open, exercise 
the greatest care. They shall: — 

(a) Select a bare rock if possible, 
or if there be none a site on which there 
is the smallest quantity of vegetable 
matter, dead wood, etc. 

(b) Clear the place, within a radius 
of ten feet, of all dry vegetable matter. 

(c) Use every possible precaution 
to prevent fire from spreading, and 
carefully extinguish the same before 
quitting the place; and carefully clear 
up before departure. 

No dogs are allowed to run at large 
in the Park; when kept, must be 
licensed, and taken out only on leash. 

No person shall ride or drive faster 
than a walk over bridges. 

No person shall hunt, trap or take, 
any wild animal or bird. 

No person shall fish other than by 
hook and line, and take more than 
fifteen fish each day. Fish less than 
6 in. must be returned to water. 



12 



BANFF GUIDE 




BANFF GUIDE 



13 



No person may catch fish, excepting 
lake trout, from November 1st to June 
30th, and no person may catch lake 
trout, in any waters frequented by 
these fish, from Sept. 1st to April 30th, 
both days inclusive in each case. 

No person shall carry fire-arms, un- 
less sealed by the Government officer, 
or member of the R.N.W.M.P. 

Every motor vehicle driven in the 
Park must be licensed, the fee being: 
For season $5, and for single trip $1. 



of Sulphur Mountain, at the bottom 
of which is both hot and cold water. 
It was in the fall of 1880 that the Cave 
was found by some surveyors locating 
the C.P.R., but evidently the Indians 
knew of it before that. The surveyors 
noticed what they took to be smoke 
issuing from a spot up on the mountain 
side, and as it did not diminish an 
investigation was made. On climbing 
up the slope they were amazed to find 
that the "smoke" was steam coming 




Cave and Basin Building, Bathing Station 



Travel is allowed only on certain streets, 
as set forth in Clause 3. 

Automobiles also run to the garages. 



CAVE AND BASIN INSIDE OF 
MOUNTAIN 

There are at Banff, in the Rocky 
Mountains Park, a number of things 
worth seeing, and they are all worthy 
of attention, but one of the most 
peculiar is what is known as the Cave 
and Basin, adjoining the Bathing 
Station on the road to Sundance 
Canyon. 

It is a large hole, or cave extending 
a hundred or more feet in the bowels 



from a hole in the rocky bed. Cutting 
down one of the many tall trees, which 
abound in the spot, they nailed pieces 
across it, forming a ladder, and down 
this descent was made. It was found 
that there was quite a hole in the rock, 
with water at the bottom. The sides 
of the Cave were covered with good 
sized "crystals," some 6, 7, and 8 feet 
long, but these have since been carried 
away. 

The old Scotch guide who gives a 
description of the place to visitors 
bathed in the Basin 27 years back. 
At that time the inlet, or basin proper, 
was about the size of a "cart wheel" 
and the quicksand holes (somewhat in 
the shape of the sole of a shoe) were 



14 



BANFF GUIDE 







* ' ''^' I'U 







BANFF GUIDE 



15 



small, he says, about the size of a 
"Chicago shoe." The water in the 
Basin keeps bubbling up from the 
bottom all the time, as though "alive" 
underneath. It is 90° F., and, after 
running out to the open swimming pool 
a little to the north, is 75 degrees. The 
outflow from the Basin is at the rate 
of 300 gallons per minute, and this 
runs in a pipe below the concrete 
walkway to the open swimming pool. 
The warm water enters at the 



there was in the early days many an 
old discarded crutch to denote that a 
cure had been made. 



BATHING STATION 

The Dominion Government have com- 
pleted a new Bathing Station at Banff, 
in the Rocky Mountains Park. It is 
said to be the finest in America; certain 
it is that no bathing station has a more 
picturesque outlook. It is 200 feet long 




Cave and Basin Pool 



bottom of the Basin, while the cold 
comes in at one side. 

UPPER HOT SPRINGS 

What is known as the Upper Hot 
Springs is found some 5,000 feet above 
sea level, on the east side of Mt. 
Sulphur, close to the source of the 
sulphur water. It is thus called to 
distinguish it from the other springs 
lower down. All are treated more 
fully in connection with Sulphur Baths, 
Sulphur Water, Cave and Basin, Open 
Swimming Pools and Health Resort. 
It was at this spot that bathing in the 
hot sulphur water was first done in a 
hole dug in the ground, and at which 



by 100 feet wide, and the stone for it 
was quarried out of a flinty mountain- 
side not far away. The cost was esti- 
mated at about $250,000, but this will 
be exceeded before the finishing touches 
are given to it and the surroundings. 

The basin proper has no roof, but 
bathing is indulged in both summer and 
winter. It is surrounded with mam- 
moth plate glass windows, allowing 
bathers full view of the great mountain 
ranges and views. In winter time it is 
quite a novelty to bathe in this open 
pool with the water at 90° Fr. and see 
the snow-capped mountains and valleys 
all about. There are 135 dressing 
rooms in the new bathing station and 
40 in the old, which is still used. The 



16 



BANFF GUIDE 




Interior of Cave 



BANFF GUIDE 



17 



new ones are "marble" finish, and 
built so that they carry the latest sani- 
tary equipment and toilet necessities. 

There are chutes, or drops, of 17 feet, 
from the upper gallery to the deep water, 
at the east end of the pool, and along 
the south side are diving or jumping 
boards, 12x17 feet. 

To light the building and surrounding 
pool there are 400 square feet of prism 
lighting, — 1410 individual lights. 



BATHING IN WARM WATER 
SURROUNDED BY ICICLES 

The Rocky Mountains Park, 50 miles 
west of Calgary, has been noted as a 
summer resort for a number of years. 
It was in 1885 that it first came to gen- 
eral notice, and since then has been 
visited by thousands who have enjoyed 
the majestic beauty, varied flora, and 
invigorating air. Those responsible for 
this are the Dominion Government, the 
C.P.R., and Dr. R. G. Brett, formerly 
member of the Northwest Council. 
They have each spent much money in 
presenting the advantages of the sulphur 
water to the people, so that its curative 
qualities are now fairly well known. 

It is not only as a summer resort that 
the place is interesting. More and 
more its advantages as a winter resort 
are becoming apparent. Mountain 
climbing in winter, tobogganing, ski-ing, 
skating, curling, and all winter pas- 
times are indulged in. The C.P.R. has 
recognized the advantage of Banff as 
a winter resort and the winter of 1914-5 
would have seen its fine hotel running 
full blast had it not been for the great 
European trouble. 

One of the great attractions in con- 
nection with Banff, the gateway town 
to the great Rocky Mountains Park, 
is the sulphur hot springs. There are 
two such. One up on the mountain- 
side, over five thousand feet above sea 
level; and the other near the base, 
about one hundred feet above the town. 
At these places, hot and cold baths can 
be obtained. In winter time, with the 
thermometer running say twenty below 
zero, a bath in the hot springs is quite 
attractive, as the bather is in warm 
water up to or over his own depth, 
while around him there is nothing but 
a mass of great icicles and snow. The 
icicles hang in large clusters all round 
the rocky walls. It is certainly a 
unique bathing place, and must be seen 
to be appreciated. 



HOTELS, BOARDING HOUSES. 
AND GRILLS 

There are at Banff, in Rocky 
Mountains Park, a number of good 
hostelries. They are modern in con- 
struction and equipment. Each caters 
to the well-being of the visitor in proper 
form and at reasonable rates. 

The Alberta is a three-storey frame 
edifice, on the main thoroughfare of the 
town, and is run the year round. Rates 
$2.50 per day up. An out of the 
ordinary feature in connection with 
this hotel is the very attractive display 
to be found the year round, of plants 
in the reading room windows. 

The Alpine Hotel is on the west side 
of Banff Ave., near the Post Office, and 
is run on European plan. It is a three- 
storey brick building, and is known as 
the Brett Block. All classes are catered 
to the year round. 

Banff Springs Hotel is the official 
cognomen of the C.P.R. hotel. It is 
about two miles from the station, on a 
broad plateau, surrounded by magnifi- 
cent mountain scenery, and for the 
present is open only during summer 
months. A recently added attraction 
to the many to be found at this place 
was a large swimming pool, in which 
guests can sport themselves, while 
others can enjoy the fun by watching 
through the windows in reclining chairs 
within the house or from the galleries 
erected therefor. The hotel has five 
hundred guest rooms. 

Grand View Villa, is a homelike un- 
licensed house, up on the mountain side, 
at the source of the Sulphur Springs. 
It is only a summer proposition and 
gives baths of all kinds. Rates, $2.50 
up. In connection there is a very 
attractive tea-room. 

Hot Springs Hotel is up Sulphur 
Mountain, next to what is known as 
the Upper Hot Springs, and is run the 
year round. Being close to the Govern- 
ment baths, many put up at the Hot 
Springs Hotel, so that they can enjoy 
the benefits of the sulphur water. Rates 
$2.00 per day and up. Everything is 
in keeping with the surroundings, even 
the Hotel sign being artistically made 
from poles secured in the neighborhood. 

Hotel Mount Royal, is the name of a 
very nice three-storey castle-like build- 
ing, at the southeast corner of Banff 
Ave. and Cariboo St., with about as 
much of the edifice on one street as the 
other. The rates are $2.50 and up- 
wards. This hotel is beautifully fur- 
nished, has running water in rooms and 
private baths. 



18 



BANFF GUIDE 




Grand Canyon near Banff 



BANFF GUIDE 



19 



The King Edward Hotel is at the 
corner of Cariboo St. and Banff Ave. 
It is a three-storey brick building; with 
bar under separate roof. The King 
Edward is an all year round proposition, 
catering largely to the commercial trade, 
and in summer the tourists. Rates, 
$2.50 up. Well furnished and modern. 

The Sanitarium hotel, is a four-storey, 
large frame structure, standing in a nice 
grove of trees just beyond the south 
end of Banff Ave., across the Bow ri\er 
bridge. It is open for business in the 
summer months, and like the other 
hotels, caters to the tourist trade. 
Rates $3 and upwards. 

There are a number of good boarding 
houses in Banff, the largest of which 
is the Homestead, on Lynx Ave., and 
which may be termed a comfortable, 
homelike hotel, without license. The 
others are of a more private nature, and 
are to be found in different parts of the 
town. 

Those having families, and wishing 
to live in a less public way, can be 
readily accommodated, as within the 
town, and also Banff villa, there are a 
number of very nice summer cottages. 
These are rented out in a furnished 
condition; that is, they have nearly 
all but the household linen, so that 
within a very short space of time the 
family can become settled. 

Down in the centre of the town, on 
Banff Ave., there are a number of 
cafes, grills and restaurants. 

(See Advertising Section.) 



be called big game. Sheep, Goat, Deer, 
Bear, Elk, Cariboo, Mountain Lions, 
Wolves are to be found; also a large 
variety of small game. This region is 
said to be twice as large as all of the 
New England States and New York 
taken together, or a total area of the 
United Kingdom. 




Big Rams 



HUNTING IN WESTERN CANADA 



It may not 
the Canadian 



be known that within 
Rocky Mountains, in 




Goat Shot oy a Lady 

the Provinces of Alberta and British 
Columbia, there are approximately 237 
square miles, abounding in what may 



The Rocky Mountain Park which ex- 
tends from Kananaskis to the Great 
Divide and to the north as far as the Bow- 
Lakes, lies within this big game area and 
Banff is the starting point for most hunt- 
ing parties. The Park itself is an absolute 
game preserve and within its boundaries 
no gun can be fired. The existence of 
this preserve is found, however, to be an 
advantage to the hunter rather than other- 
wise as under protection the game increases 
rapidly and overflows into the adjacent 
territory. Banff has large outfitting com- 
panies and a party entrusting the ten or 
more days' trip to the outfitting com- 
panies it can feel confident of being 
well equipped. Good guides are fur- 
nished, men who know the trails and 
rendezvous of the game. The best of 
equipment is furnished, so that ladies 
may go along with pleasure and com- 
fort. Outfitting Departments: Write 
N. K. Luxton, Brewster Transport Co., 
J. Simpson, (F. Wellman of Morley). 



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BANFF GUIDE 



21 



CANADIAN ZOO 

In the Canadian Zoo, at Banff, Al- 
berta, within the Rocky Mountains 
Park, there are fine specimens of 
buffalo, moose, elk, deer, Persian sheep, 
Angora goats, bear, wolves, coyotes. 



Raccoons Orange Squirrel 

Silver Pheasants 

Golden Pheasants 

Amherst Pheasants 

Reeves Pheasants 

Common Pheasants 

Pea Fowls 




Mountain Sheep 

lynx, badgers, martens, and a number 
of the smaller animals. 

In the Zoo, adjacent to the Museum, 
may be seen the following animals of 
the Rocky Mountains: 

Black Bears 

Cinnamon Bears 

Grizzly Bears 

Red Foxes 

Kit Foxes 

Timber Wolves 

Coyotes 

Lynx 

American Panther 
(or Mountain 
Lion) 

Badgers 

Pine Martens 

Porcupines 

Mountain Gopher 

Alpine Gophers 

Marmots 

Fox Squirrels 

Black Squirrels 

Canada Geese 

Hawks 

Golden Eagles 

Bald-headed Eagle 

Owls 

Pelican 
The following animals, 
from distant parts of the world, may 
be seen in the Zoo: — 

Ringtail Monkey 

Rheses Monkeys 

Polar Bear 



ANIMAL PADDOCK 

The Buffalo Park, or Animal Paddock, 
in Canada's National Park, is about 
two miles east of Banff, on the road to 
the mining town of Bankhead, lies on 
either side of the C.P.R., and is free to 
the public. It is a large tract of land, 
strongly fenced in. Those animals 
which cannot run at large with the 
others are kept in separate corrals. It 
is intensely interesting to drive out to, 
and around inside, the Park; the 
animals feeding as quietly as barnyard 
stock, so long as unmolested. 

In the paddock are the following 
animals of the Rocky Mountains Park: 

American Elk herd 

Buffalo herd 

Moose 

Mule herd 

Rocky Mountain Goats 

Rocky Mountain Sheep 

Virginia Deer herd 
The following animals, from distant 
parts of the world, may also be seen: 

Angora Goats Persian Sheep 

Four-horned Sheep Yak 




An Old Goat 

There is a race course near the Park, 
upon which Stoney Indians' annual 
sports are held each year; the gathering 
being one of the principal events of the 
district. 



22 



BANFF GUIDE 




BANFF GUIDE 



23 



DEER IN ROCKY MOUNTAINS 
PARK 

In the Rocky Mountains Park are to 
be found fine specimens of White-tailed 
and Red deer. Many of these are quite 
tame and roam through the very streets 
of Banflf unmolested by man or dog, 
the latter being forbidden to be allowed 
at large. As a general thing the deer 
are not seen about town in mid-day, 
but at night, and early morning they 
frequently come right up to the houses. 

ALPINE CLUB AND CLIMBING 

About half way up Mt. vSulphur, in 
Rocky Mountains Park, the Alpine 
Club of Canada has secured control of 
a portion of the mountain side. It is 
situated about a mile 
from the forks of the road 
near the bridge, and the 
approach thereto is by 
Mountain Avenue. Here 
a club house and lodg- 
ing rooms (tents as well 
as woodenbuildings) have 
been erected. They are 
well situated, overlook- 
ing one of the grandest 
views within the Park. 
The first building was 
put up in 1909. A. O. 
Wheeler, Canada's most 
famous mountain climb- 
er, is the president, and 
he is always early on the 
ground; as a consequence 
no time is lost in con- 
nection with each sea- 
son 's operations. A good 
chef is at hand, so that 
the keen appetites of the 
members are looked after 
in an excellent manner. 
There are baths. Guides 
are to be had; some of them being from 
Switzerland. One of the ideas Mr. 
Wheeler has in connection with the 
organization is to have "homes" or 
stopping places . for pedestrians or 
mountain climbers throughout the Park. 

The club holds its annual camp on 
some previously selected section of the 
picturesque Canadian Rockies. In 
1912, the seventh annual camp was held 
at Vermilion Pass, on the route of the 
cross-mountain motor road, and it was 
largely attended, a number of gentlemen 
of importance and distinction being 
present from many parts. The meeting 
was a great success in every respect. 
During 1914 the Club had its camp in 
the Yoho Valley, the Valley of the Ten 
Peaks. 



AUTO DRIVE AND MOTOR ROADS 

Entrance can be made into the Rocky 
Mountains Park, from Calgary, on what 
may be termed the Pacific Auto Drive. 
On the way Stony Indian Reservation 
at Morley, and also the mining towns of 
Canmore and Bankhead are passed; the 
latter being where briquettes (lumps of 
pressed "pasted" together coal dust) 
are made. The dam and power works 
of the Calgary electric supply is also 
passed. The west boundary of the Indian 
reservation is the beginning of the Park. 
Coming to what is known as the Gap, 
a very narrow valley and the gateway to 
the mountains, one commences to realize 
the majesty and beauty of the Rocky 
Mountains. On reaching Banff the 




On 



the Saddle Board of the Rockies 

driver will likely turn to the left, 
and run up to the main street of the 
town, to and across the bridge, where 
the roads fork off in all directions. But 
it would be well before touching the 
bridge to take a look in at the Govern- 
ment offices, as all autoists are expected 
to report there, or to the R.N.W.M.P. 
Automobiles can only be run on cer- 
tain streets. 

West of Banff the auto drive is com- 
pleted to the Alberta boundary, and 
the British Columbia authorities are 
carrying it on through to the Coast, 
so that before long, automobilists can 
run clear from Winnipeg to Vancouver, 
and from there on down to the most 
southern points in California. 



24 



BANFF GUIDE 




BANFF GUIDE 



25 



The Rocky Mountain section passes 
through a most picturesque and interest- 
ing section, giving motorists unrivalled 
views of snow-capped peaks, beautiful 
valleys, tree-studded mountain sides, 
rocky promontories, ravines and canyons, 
rivers, falls, lakes, and wild animal 
life, for often on the wayside deer and 
mountain sheep are to be seen grazing 
quite contentedly, in all an educa- 
tional, awe-inspiring, invigorating trip. 




Giant Steps, Paradise Valley 



It is pleasing to note that the different 
Governments are taking hold of this 
Pacific Auto Drive, and doing what they 
can to push it along. In this connection, 
the Park Commissioner of the Dominion 
is doing much to further the work 
in the mountainous or park sections. 
He says that a substantial amount of 
new work was done upon it and that the 
policy is to press it through as rapidly 
as possible. The Commissioner goes on 
to show that a large amount of work at 



various points is completed, good bridges 
being erected wherever necessary. It 
takes time to build such a road, as 
the rock has to be blasted carefully so 
that unnecessary defacement is avoided. 
It is shown that great advantage 
arises to a country through tourist 
traffic; the case of Italy being cited. 
In that country, a state tourist depart- 
ment is advocated, with agents through- 
out the world, who will urge foreigners 
to visit the country 
and spend money; 
and some such scheme 
is suggested for Can- 
ada, the contention 
being that if proper 
efforts are made the 
Dominion, with its 
incomparable scenic 
attractions and good 
motor roads, can 
reasonably expect an 
annual revenue from 
the tourist traffic 
which will bulk into 
the millions. If such 
be the case, there 
should be no hesit- 
ancy in expending 
large sums of money 
in furthering the 
Pacific Auto Drive. 

We cannot do bet- 
ter in closing than 
quote from the Do- 
minion Park Com- 
missioner's report 
upon the matter: 

"In c on nee tion 
with the commercial 
side of National 
Parks, automobile 
traffic appears to pro- 
vide a means of 
immensely increasing 
the revenue to be de- 
rived by the people 
of Canada from the 
tourist. The Parks 
Branch is shaping its 
development work on 
lines calculated to 
make the unrivalled scenery of the 
Rockies accessible to automobile traffic. 
Consideration of the expansion of recent 
years with respect to motors and motor- 
ing cannot fail to convince one that ade- 
quate trunk roads through the mountains 
will inevitably mean a huge automobile 
traffic, and consequently, a large expend- 
iture of money by the autoists. Statistics 
indicate that, in the United States alone, 
there are about a million motor cars — a 
car for every hundred of population. 



26 



BANFF GUIDE 




Takahaw Falls, Near Banff 



BANFF GUIDE 



27 



BOARD OF TRADE 

The Banff Board of Trade is a repre- 
sentative body of the business men 
of the town, the membership fee being 
nominal. OflBcers are elected each year, 
and consist of a President, Vice-Presi- 
dent, and Secretary-Treasurer, the latter 
being the only one drawing a salary. 
There is also a Council. 

It is a community of men who spend 
their time most unselfishly in the 
interests of a place. It has been in 
existence the past twelve years, but only 
recently took definite official formation. 



Any number taken at any time at 
15 minutes' notice. 

(See Advertising Section.) 



BOATHOUSES. CANOES AND 
ROWBOATS 

Within five minutes' walk of the Bow 
river bridge is the Bow River Boathouse 
with convenient river wharves. This 
spot, in summer, is ex- 
ceedingly busy and a 
very pretty sight on a 
bright day. 

There are motor 
launches which make 
regular trips at certain 
hours of the day; they 
can also be had by the 
hour for parties, and 
there is no nicer time 
offering than for a party 
to secure one of the 
launches and make ex- 
cursion some miles up 
the river. 

At the Boathouse there 
are a number of canoes 
and rowboats which can 
be had at reasonable 
rates by the hour or day. 
There are all kinds, 
large and small, and 
some are of the specially safe class, so 
that those who are not accustomed 
to such means of traffic can feel that 
they are not in grave danger while on 
the water. 

Rates and other information can be 
had through the little leaflet which the 
boat owner issues. 

Rowboats and canoes for hire at 
following rates: — • 

First hour 

Each succeeding hour . . 
Half-day (six hours) .... 

Per day 2.50 

Boatmen, per hour 50 

For parties through Vermilion Lakes, 
by boat or canoe, in charge of experience 
ed boatmen the charge is: — 

One passenger $ 1 . 00 

Each additional passenger 50 



BOW RIVER AND FALLS 

The Bow river rises at the Bow 
river and Bear creek summit, some 
forty miles north of Lake Louise, within 
the Rocky Mountains Park. At its 
source are small Glacial Lakes and con- 
tinues as a small stream for some dis- 
tance. Winding its way south and 
eastward, it becomes a good stream at 
Banff. A few hundred yards under the 
bridge it starts in rapids form and gains 
in velocity, until close to the Fish 
Hatchery, when it leaps over a rocky 
shelf of some fifty feet in height, form- 
ing the Bow Falls. These are just west 
of the south end of Tunnel Mountain 
in an exceedingly romantic spot, much 




.50 

.25 

1.50 



Boating on the River 

favored by the angler. They are well 
^yorth a visit by anyone. The con- 
fluence of the rivers Bow and Spray is 
a little below the Falls. 

For some miles up the Bow River 
from the boathouse, there are beautiful 
trips for motor boats, canoes or row- 
boats, the river being navigable up to 
and beyond Healy Creek. This is an 
ideal trip, hemmed in by magnificent 
mountain views and sweeping hills and 
forests. 



BRETT HOSPITAL 

Nearby the Sanitarium Hotel is the 
Brett Hospital, which is conducted 
privately. It is a handsome, two- 
storey red brick structure, built in 
crescent shape, a broad stairway in the 
centre leading up to the offices. This 
institution is really an outgrowth of the 



28 



BANFF GUIDE 



" Ak'L 



1 



mrf' 



^.^W"^'^ 




BANFF GUIDE 



29 



Sanitarium. The Hospital is well 
equipped with modern operating and 
surgical rooms, and has a staff of 
skilled physicians and nurses. There 
are baths given with water from the 
hot sulphur springs. All kinds are 
given: Turkish, electric, 
shov/er, tub or plunge. 
There are massage rooms 
for both men and wo- 
men, where those having 
complaints, which the 
mineral waters will aid, 
can find treatment. 
To this institution the 
medical fraternity of 
Canada sends patients. 
Each room is so situated 
that there is direct light 
They are all airy and 
have hot and cold run- 
ning water, and the in- 
stitution is heated by 
steam, and lighted by 
electricity. It is a most 
convenient and comfort- 
able place for the in- 
valid, or those requiring 
absolute quietness, — ■ a 
genuine recuperating 
place, amid beautiful 
natural surroundings. 

MUSEUM 

What is known as 
Canada's National Mus- 
eum, is at Banff, within 
the confines of Canada's 
National Park, and it is 
growing each year. There 
is an increase of animal 
life, both in the live and 
stuffed divisions, and 
there is a much greater 
interest taken in it, as 
shown by the large 'in- 
crease in visitors. This has been so 
great that those in authority feel called 
upon to make recommendation that more 
money be expended on the Museum than 
heretofore. It is felt that the present 
building, — a very suitable and unique, 
peeledlog structure in keeping with the 
surroundings, — is on the small side. If 
the offices could be placed somewhere 
else, and the building now used for 
them and the Museum, all given over 
to museum purposes a step in advance 
would be taken. It is understood that 
some such provision is contemplated in 
the new plan proposed to be adopted 
for the laying-out of the townsite. 

The exhibits now in the building are 
well arranged, and give visitors not only 



the names of the flora and fauna on 
exhibition but a little discriptive article 
as well, thus adding to the pleasure of 
the visit to the place. If more room 
was available those in charge could 
make a much better display and the 




Bow Falls 

visitor would receive much greater 
pleasure. 



CASCADE MOUNTAIN 

Cascade Mountain, originally called 
"Stoney Chief," lies to the northeast 
of the town of Banff, a little beyond 
the Animal Paddock, and can be reached 
by trail and road. It stands out quite 
prominently from the other ranges 
through being gray granite in color. 
On it are some fine fossil beds. It is 
9,830 feet high. From the west it runs 
up from the valley, between it and 
Stoney Squaw Mountain, in rather an 
easy looking ascent, but not so on the 
other sides. The southern, or crag. 



30 



BANFF GUIDE 



face has seldom been climbed. A 
good pony trail leads to the top from the 
Spray valley. 

CHURCHES OF BANFF 

The Anglican church in Banff, is at 
the corner of Beaver and Buffalo Sts. 
It is a stone structure, built from 
material secured within the limits, and 
is peculiar in that it is finished inside 
similar to the outside. The wide space 
between the bottom and inner edge of 



latter are in charge at present, Rev. 
Mr. Archibald being the minister. The 
Methodist building is used largely for 
public meeting purposes. 

The Presbyterian meeting house, is 
on Bear Ave., midway between Cariboo 
and Buffalo streets. It is a white brick 
structure and well finished. 

St. Mary's R.C. church is on Lynx 
Ave. It is a neat frame building, com- 
fortably finished. Rev. Father Hermes 
is at present in charge. 




Fresh and Hot Sulphur Water Swimming Pools at Banff Springs Hotel 



the window sills, is covered with moss, 
and gives a very attractive api:)carance. 
The whole place is finished "in the 
rough" and is unique all through. 
There is an addition to the building 
as yet incomplete. Rev. Mr. Harrison 
is the incumbent 

The Methodist church I)uilding is at 
the corner of Buffalo .St. and Banff Ave., 
hut it is not now used for church i)ur- 
poses. There has been a union with 
the Presbyterians as to services. For 
three years a Methodist minister is in 
charge, and then, for the next three 
years, the Presbyterians control. The 



COAL MINES 

About five miles cast of Banff is 
Bankhead, where the Pacific Anthracite 
coal mines are situated. This is an 
important mining town, nestling in a 
valley, surrounded liy great peaks. The 
head oflRces of the company look very 
pretty in summer time, and the R.C. 
church, away ui> on a i)innacle. attracts 
attention. There is what is called the 
"old town" and "new town" of Bank- 
head, the latter being where tlie more 
recent mines are being operated. The 
coal is carried down to the lower grade, 



BANFF GUIDE 



31 




Aspen Ave., Banff 



32 



BANFF GUIDE 



at the C.P.R. track, by means of an 
elevated double track narrow gauge 
railway. 

At Bankhead what is known as coal 
briquettes, (a compressed form of coal 
dust, about the size of an ordinary 
apple) are made, and it is an interesting, 
though exceedingly dirty, process to 
watch. 

Further east, on the Calgary road, 
is Canmore, another mining district, 
the mines proper being a little distance 
ofT from the regular C.P.R. track, as is 
also the case with Bankhead. At the 
station is the town of Canmore, with a 
neat little hospital conducted by the 




Hunting with the Camera 

Brett Institution at Banff. The town 
itself has been spoken of as thefmost 
attractive mining town in the West, 
and, perhai^s has the most imi)Osing 
setting of any mining town in the world. 
What is known as the Georgetown 
mines are also near Canmore. 

CORKSCREW DRIVE 

The Corkscrew Road, or Drive, is 
up Tunnel Mountain, and is a series 
of turns or winds in the roadway, up 
the mountain side, one almost above 
the othei, forming a spiral roadway. 



Especially in summer it is interesting 
to go up and down this roadway. To 
make it rigs are expected to go always 
in the direction they set out, and that 
is from Banff Ave. eastward along 
Buffalo street. Corkscrew Road can 
be covered on a trip to the Animal 
Paddock, via Tunnel Mountain. 

To make the trip one goes up Buffalo 
St., passing along the southeast bank 
of the Bow River; continuing along 
the climb, until well up the mountain, 
when a most magnificent panoramic 
view of Banff and the surroundings is 
obtained, — a wonderful sight, covering 
miles of territory, and showing the 
town and the full sweeps of the Bow 
Valley to great advantage. 

A little further on up the roadway 
the Corkscrew Drive proper is encoun- 
tered. It is a narrow roadway, making 
seven turns in two hundred feet. From 
this on the road runs downwards to the 
Bankhead road, which is reached at the 
northern base of the mountain. On 
the way there are, in addition to the 
Corkscrew, a number of other interest- 
ing turns, one complete "S" being made. 



C.P.R. HOTEL 

The hotel of the Canadian Pacific 
Railway Company, known as the Banff 
Springs Hotel, is one of the finest and 
best equipped hosteleries in America. 
It is reached by motors and vehicles, 
from Spray Avenue. There are also 
pathways along the same roads, that by 
Glen Ave. running up from the Fish 
Hatchery road, through a path in the 
dense wood. Either way gives visitors 
delightful views. The hotel stands in 
a most commanding spot, and from its 
verandahs scenery that cannot be ex- 
celled anywhere is to be seen in all 
directions. One of the attractions in 
connection with the hotel is the great 
Roman bath, the swimming in which 
can be witnessed by guests from within 
the premises. There are over 500 
rooms in the place. 

CASCADE CREEK 

Cascade Creek and Valley, lies to the 
east of Banff, and can be seen all the 
way on a trip to Bankhead. The creek 
is not a large stream but runs quite 
rapidly. A peculiar thing about Cas- 
cade Creek is that within about a mile 
of Bankhead, the river bed takes almost 
a right angle turn, coming from the 
east and returning east. It is some- 
thing out of usual to see water running 
"on the square" which it nearly does 



BANFF GUIDE 



33 




Banff Springs Hotel— C.P.R. 



BANFF GUIDE 



35 



on this point. Another feature in con- 
nection with Cascade Creek is that it 
runs into Lake Minnewanka, and almost 
at the same point runs out again. 
Devil's Canyon, through which the 
Creek runs, is crossed at the point 
where the Calgary Power Dam is placed; 
the power being thus conserved, for 
winter use, when the rivers are shallow 
This dam is also the spot from which 
Banff will eventually receive hydro- 
power. 



to Cave and Basin and Sundance Can- 
yon, and return. 

4. To Mt. Edith Pass, Sawback 
Mountain and return, along part of the 
Pacific Auto Drive, and viewing Ver- 
milion Lakes. On the route, mountain 
sheep and deer are often seen, on, and 
close to the road. 

5 . To Cave and Basin, and return, 
giving view of the Recreation Grounds 
and Pavilion, occupying one hour. 

6 . To Upper Hot vSprings, at Grand 




,V?|Sii?!', 



L 




DRIVES 

1 . To Lake Minnewanka, or Devil's 
Lake, and return, an interesting drive, 
presenting fine mountain peaks and 
valleys richly covered with shrubbery 
and flowers. 

2. To Tunnel Mountain, Buffalo, 
Moose and Elk Park, Zoo, Cave and 
Basin, and return, giving very attractive 
views and allowing time for inspection 
of the fine Bathing Station and Swim- 
ming Pool. 

3 . Around the Loop, allowing view 
of the C.P.R. Hotel, and Grand View 
Villa and Weather Observatory on the 
mountain top, past the Fish Hatchery, 



View Villa, a trip of two hours, giving 
view of the sulphur springs source, and 
magnificent panoramic view of sur- 
roundings, and passing the Alpine Club 
quarters. 

7 . To Observatory, on top of Mount 
Sulphur, made by saddle horse only, 
time four hours. 

8. To and past the C.P.R. Hotel, 
along the Spray road, a two hour drive, 
beautiful scenery all the way, and afford- 
ing an excellent view of the rapidly- 
running river Spray from an elevation 
of two hundred, or more feet; also a 
splendid view of Goat Mountain. 

9 . To Tunnel Mountain, up Cork- 



36 



BANFF GUIDE 



screw Drive, along road on crest of 
foothills, viewing the Hoodoos and back 
of Rundle Mountain, through the old 
townsite of Anthracite, and returning 
by Calgary-Banff Auto Road. Time, 
three hours. 

These are the regular drives, covering 
the inner features of the Banff neigh- 
borhood, and can be increased to almost 
any extent. Other interesting places 
are mentioned elsewhere. 

Ask for livery tariff, giving full par- 
ticulars as to rates by the hour, for 



A canoe or boat trip, up either of these 
streams, will not soon be forgotten. 




Deer in tlic Taik 



saddle horses, single and other rigs, as 
regulated by the Minister of the Interior. 



ECHO RIVER, AND WILLOW 
CREEK 

Echo river joins the Bow about half 
a mile above the Bow river bridge, and 
for two miles is a perfect stream for 
the lovers of boating or canoeing. The 
water is beautifully clear, there is an 
easy current, and the banks are shady, 
presenting fine spots for picnicking or 
camping. 

A mile from the junction of the Echo 
with the Bow, Willow Creek empties 
into the Echo. It is also an easily 
navigable stream. 



FISH HATCHERY IN ROCKY 
MOUNTAINS PARK 

The Dominion Fish Hatchery, in 
Canada's National Park, is on Glen 
Ave., at the forks of the road on one of 
the driveways to the Golf Links. It is 
a neat frame structure, close to the 
home of the Inspector, Mr. Robt. Rodd. 
Both are amidst trees, on the west bank 
of the Bow river not far from the Falls. 
It is quite interesting to visit the 
Hatchery in the spring, when the spawn 
is being hatched, and which, in the form 
of young fish, is placed in lakes of 
moderate size, around the building, 
and later on in the streams in the Park, 
and other distant ports, for greater 
growth. The spawn comes from Port 
Arthur, and other distant points, and 
is that of lake trout, while considerable 
river trout are shipped yearly by the 
Inspector. Some speckled trout are 
hatched, but only a limited quantity. 
It is expected that before long the 
Government will have all kinds of trout 
and salmon here. It is indeed inter- 
esting to visit the place and see the fish 
in all stages of development, from 
"pollywogs" to good sized, well-de- 
veloped members of the finny tribe 
being hatched and fed, in natural water 
as no artificial heat is used in connection 
with the work. 

In the small lakes, around the hatch- 
ery, the fish, after they are somewhat 
grown, are husbanded; all kinds, and of 
dilTerent ages, being put in. One object 
in view is to see how the different fish 
live together. One variety is the 
Nipegon trout, said by some to be 
canabalistic in their tendency, but so 
far nothing of the sort has been noticed. 
They are quite at peace with the other 
varieties and all apparently enjoy being 
together. 



FISHING IN ROCKY MOUNTAINS 
PARK 

Of fishing in Rocky Mountains Park 
there is abundance, and no licenses are 
required, outsiders, as well as those 
within the territory, being allowed 
freedom in this respect. The streams 
and lakes all through the Rockies are 
well supiilied with several varieties of 
trout, and land-locked salmon, or lake 
trout, are caught in the large lakes. 
A number of times have thirty-pounders 
been landed. 



BANFF GUIDE 



The Dominion Government has issued 
a "Classified Guide to Fish and their 
Habits in the Rocky Mountains Park. " 
It is a beautifully gotten up illustrated 
work, and can be had free on applica- 
tion. It will aid anyone who is after 
good sport. 

The angler can find pleasure to no 
end within this great area, and at short 
distance from the base of supply. 
Banff is the general headquarters for 
such, and from here even a few days ' 
time will give the fisher nice sport with 
either hook and fly. 

"At evening, when the afterglow 
purples the water, and the big fellows 
are jumping after flies, the joy that 
only an angler at such times feel may 
be his to the full. Or, if he wishes to 
vary the sport. Lake Minnewanka and 
a thirty-pounder at the end of a trowling 
line can be his in season." 

To reach most of the lakes a journey 
on horseback is necessary and a kodak 
lends added interest to the day 's outing 

Another form of sport is to take canot 
or rowboat at Banflf and go up the Bow 
river. For miles one can do this, and 
not only enjoy the best of true sport 
but enjoy Nature in all its beauty and 
majesticness. And on the trip rapids 
will be encountered, which will give a 
thrill of excitement to the trip. 

The Government work above alluded 
to tells of the haunts and habits of the 
various fish, so that the sportsman need 
not lose much time in locating the kind 
of fish he is after, and it tells of the 




many fishing districts. It is well writ- 
ten, and also gives the regulations 
affecting fishing. 



LAKE MINNEWANKA, AND 
FISHING 

Lake Minnewanka is somewhat over 
nine miles east of Banff, and is a most 
beautiful sheet of water. On the way 
Buffalo Park is passed, and the road 
skirts Cascade Mountain, and runs 
through Bankhead, the mining town. 



where briquettes are made, and where 
the anthracite mines are located. From 
here the Cascade river to Devil's 
Canyon is followed. 

The lake is some 15 miles long by 
from 1 to 2 miles wide, and in places it 




A Nice String of Rainbow Trout 

has not been fathomed. With high 
peaks all around, it is verily hedged in 
on all sides. 

Launches in summer ply daily to the 
farther end of Lake Minnewanka, from 
the west end, making the trip of over 
fifteen miles. At the east end is what 
is known as the Hoodoo cluster, strange 
looking natural concrete monuments. 
At the extreme head is "The Gap," 
and to the north the "Devil's Head," 
a peculiar shaped mountain peak, 
which is black the year round and thus 
lead the natives to call it "Devil's 
Lake." Near also is the Ghost River, 
a weird valley where no stream flows. 
There are a number of strange forma- 
tions in the neighborhood. The legend 
has it that these were supposed by the 
Indians to be the home of spirits, 
whom they thought to placate with 
gifts. When the natives came to the 
wilds they knew the grim, gray Devil's 
Head was watching them, and lest the 
Mighty One be angry and spoil their 
hunting made offerings of tobacco, pipes, 
tomahawks, and so on, so that he would 



38 



BANFF GUIDE 



be with them. Relics of this kind have 
been found on ledges around the Lake, 
where at one time ran a great Indian 
highway. Buried in regular form some- 
where around the shores are supposed 
to be the remains of a caste girl, buried 
in a lone spot in the 40 's, and which 
grave has been looked for ever since. 
There are two chalets at the west end 
of the Lake, where good accommodation 
can be obtained. If motor or steam 
rides are not congenial, there is a fine 
equipment of boats and canoes, and 



lated by the Minister of the Interior, 
so that there can be no overcharge. 

A full tariff, for the different kind of 
rigs, saddle horses and ponies, can be 
had on application to any of the stables 
or hotel carriage agents. 

Guides are furnished when called for. 



LOG BUTCHER SHOP 

While perhaps it is nothing very un- 
usual to see a log butcher shop, as there 




if visitors wish it guides will direct to 
the fishing, which is excellent. 

This beautiful sheet of water, which 
someone has said looks like a trans- 
planted bit of the Mediterranean, has 
as a background Mt. Aylmer, a majestic 
peak of 10,335 feet. Besides Devil's 
Canyon and Ghost River, there are a 
number of places of interest, including 
Aylmer Canyon, a great district for 
exploration. 

There is a townsite at Minnewanka, 
upon which the Government has already 
built over 750 feet of roadways. 

There is ice boating and skating on 
Lake Minnewanka, and it generally 
lasts longer than on the river, as there 
is no current to cut the ice. 

(See Advertising Section for Guides.) 



LIVERY TARIFF 

The charges for horses and rigs within 
the Rocky Mountains Park are regu- 



were many in the olden days in the east, 
there is one in Banff that is peculiar in 
that it belongs to one of the wealthiest 
concerns in the land. It is owned by 
a company that could put up a marble 
one, if necessary, — the P. Burns Co. 
of Calgary. The building is built of 
peeled logs, secured from the bush in 
the mountains nearby. The logs are 
all nicely smoothed off, and varnished 
in natural. It is well equijjped intern- 
ally, being all natural wood finish, and 
in summer, with flower gardens along 
the side, has a very pretty and unique 
appearance. 



LOOP DRIVE 

What is known as the Loop Drive is 
one of the prettiest drives, in the level 
section of Canada's National Park, at 
Banff. In length it is about 9 miles, and 
l)asses the Golf Links and Club House, 
and skirts the base of Mt. Rundle, 



BANFF GUIDE 



39 



passing which the openings of the sub- 
terranean house sites can be seen in 
the distance. On crossing the bridge, 
over the Spray River and above the 
rapids, a beautiful view of the Bow 
Falls is obtained. The Hoodoos can 
also be seen across the river, and, looking 
backwards there is a good view of the 
C.P.R. hotel, and Grand View Villa 
away up on the mountain side. 

The valley leading to the Golf Links, 
is between Tunnel and Rundle Mount- 



MASSIVE RANGE 

What is called the Massive Range is 
a series of peaks lying to the west of 
Banff. The range is more solid looking 
than the others in the neighborhood, 
which gives it a much heavier appear- 
ance than the other mountains. It 
looks as though touching each of the 
western ends of Vermilion and Sulphur 
mountains, as it lies across the valley; 
but the appearance is deceiving, for 




Any Lady May Enjoy This 



ains,''Jand away to the east lies the 
Fairholme range. 



LUMBER YARD — RUSTIC 

As has been repeatedly stated, every- 
thing within Banff is of a unique tidy 
nature; and this applies in connection 
with lumber yards, of which there are 
several. It is quite safe to say that 
nowhere is there a more trimly kept 
lumber yard than at Banff. It has 
none of the objectionable features so 
often seen in connection therewith. 



the ranges are quite a distance apart, 
the C.P.R. running along the ravine 
between the Vermilion and Massive 
ranges. 

MIDDLE SPRINGS 

The Middle Springs are two miles 
from Bow river bridge, and the approach 
thereto is one of the finest, the flora on 
the way being at certain seasons most 
beautiful. Mountain Ave. is taken to 
reach the spot, and a turn is made to the 
right close to one of the resting pavilions. 
The Kidney Springs are further up 



/ King Edward, Hotel 

2 .MOUHT RoYAl 

3 Alberth 

4 ALPIHE 

5 Homestead 



P^ciFn ft^iLpyjtv 



C.p.Ry Station 





y/hoHv within the Roc ky Mountains Park 

Plan of Resurvev 
OF THE Town of Banff 

Province of Albf-RTa 

Scale 30QFeet to an inch . 

Note 

Iron posVs planted are shown rt\oH. o 
Iron witness poala planted are *.hovwn »+iut. 
Block numbers are sho>Nn Ihui 15 
Lot nurnbers. are s^^own lHo6 la. 



42 



BANFF GUIDE 



towards the Hot Springs, and both con- 
tain a large quantity of what is known 
as lithium. As yet these springs have 
not been utilized. The water runs 
away freely, and it will be noticed is 
honeycombing the walkway. 



MOUNTAIN CLIMBING 

There is Mountain Climbing galore 
in the neighborhood of Banff. The 
pleasure derivable depends largely upon 
the time at one's disposal, as there are 
mountains of easy ascent and others 
presenting more difficult work. As to 
these climbs, Godenrath's Guide says: 



Mountain, northwestward, is a sharp 
lofty pinnacle. This is Mt. Edith, af- 
fording a splendid dolomite climb, equal 
to anything in the Tyrolese Alps, and 
within easy reach of Banff. Twenty 
miles south of Banff, along the Spray 
valley, is the Matterhorn of the Rockies 
— ^Mt. Assiniboine, a sheer pyramid of 
almost vertical rock, towering above 
vast glacier fields and lofty peaks. 
Height 1 1,860 ft. Its northern slope 
presents three perpendicular faces, ice- 
glazed, over-hanging and precipitous, 
attaining an angle of 80° where the 
three faces converge into the final spire. 
The west side is a beetling buttress, 




Annual Indian Sports Day at Banff 



"Tunnel Mountain, the island knob of 
rock lying between Cascade and Rundle, 
on the east side of the Bow Falls, is an 
easy walk for the most ambitious climb- 
er; Sulphur Mountain, cither by way of 
the Hot Springs or up the northern end, 
is not a difficult climb, and offers a 
splendid view of the whole Bow valley. 
Both Cascade and Rundle Mountains 
are steep enough to afford arduous work, 
but both have been ascended, compar- 
atively easy routes having been cut by the 
government so a person can ride almost 
to the top. Cascade has been traversed 
from the town (Banff) to the sum- 
mit and back, from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., 
and Rundle from 1 p.m. to 5.30 
p.m. On Cascade Mountain are some 
very fine fossil beds. Behind Stoney 



down which avalanches pour all the 
year. The cast side is a sheer precipice; 
the south walled masonry." 

(See Advertising Section for Guides.) 



MOUNT EDITH, AND PASS 

The highest peak of Mt. Kdith lies 
to the north of the town of Banff beyond 
Stoney vSquaw Mountain. From the 
town, it looks as though Edith was 
considerably lower than the Vermilion 
range, l)ut this is owing to the latter 
being so much nearer. Mt. l{(iith is 
8,370 ft. high, nearly 2,000 ft. more than 
Stoney, and it is very noticeable in 
winter as it has a dense covering of 
snow. The mountain can also be seen 
to the west of the town, some two miles, 
by road on the Pacific Auto Drive, and 



BANFF GUIDE 



43 




Gordon Canyon, Bow Lakes 



44 



BANFF GUIDE 



stands out there very prominently 
through the Pass of the same name. 
An excellent way to get a view of Mt. 
Edith is to drive along the road north 
of Vermilion Lakes as far west as the 
Pass, at which point one of the grandest 
views of the great peak is to be seen. 
It is a trip well worth taking. An added 
attraction is that on the way visitors 
are brought to close range with deer 
and sheep. 



sheets of water, and carry plenty of the 
finny tribe. To do justice to the trip 
and outing it will require two days — 
three is better — ^so that there may be a 
full day's angling. This trip is gener- 
ally done on horseback with one light 
pack. 



OBSERVATORY, AND WEATHER 

The Meteorological Observatory of 
the Dominion Government is at the 



MOUNTED POLICE 

What is known as the 
R. N. W. M. P., — Royal 
North West Mounted 
Police — have a post, or 
division, at Banff, in Can- 
ada's National Park. At 
one time it was more of a 
district office than now, and 
the force was housed in log 
buildings. The office is 
now a red pressed brick 
building adjacent to the 
Museum and Zoo, within a 
pretty grove of trees; the 
quarters look very tasty 
nestled in the pines. It is 
as attractive, if not the most 
attractive, building for the 
purpose within the whole 
police area. 

The R.N.W.M.P. is made 
up of fine, well-built men, 
some of whom have been 
years in the service ; the 
majority are young fellows 
of excellent character and 
aims. The Mounted Police, 
of whom there are over 1 200, 
are what may be termed 
Dominion mounted con- 
stabulary. Their commis- 
sion entitles each man to 
exercise police authority at 
any point within the Dom- 
inion, but the exercise of 
their duty has been chiefly 
confined to the West, in 
the great stretches where 
there are few villages or towns. 
Though they have authority within all 
corporations, it is seldom that tlicy 
interfere with municipal business, their 
operations having to do more with 
crime than local misdemeanor. 




MYSTIC AND SAWBACK LAKES 

What are known as the Mystic and 
Sawback Lakes are reached by horse- 
back via Mt. Edith Pass and up Forty 
Mile Creek valley. They are beautiful 



Mt. AssinJboine 

top of Mt. Sulphur, in Rocky Mount- 
ains Park, some 9,484 ft. above sea level. 
Here conditions prevailing each day are 
recorded the year round, and trans- 
ferred to the proper authorities for 
tabulation. It is in charge of compe- 
tent officials and has proven of consider- 
able advantage to the West. 

The C»()vcriiinent rei:)orts state that 
the climate of Banff is somewhat repre- 
sentative of tlic Rocky Mountains as a 
whole, altliough some higher places have 
more snow and cold, and some lower 



BANFF GUIDE 



45 




Aylmer CanyonlnearXake'.IVlinnewanka.|Rocky Mountains Park 
200 to 600 feet deep 



46 



BANFF GUIDE 



spots have less snow and are warmer. 
There may be frost and snow, monthly, 
in places above 7,000 ft. It is excep- 
tionally healthy and enjoyable. At the 
altitude, in a climate of its rarity of air, 
a person is often stimulated and ex- 
hilarated, but the increased or quicker 
action of the heart should warn him to 
conserve his strength, take proper rest 
and so gain in health. 

The mean annual precipitation during 
16 years is 20. 67 inches with a maximum 
of 30.51 in 1902 and a minimum of 
14.51 inches in 1906. The average 
annual amount of snow on the ground 



the valley to its present elevation by 
pack ponies, a distance of over six 
miles from the station. 



PACKING OUTFITS AND GUIDES 

The packing and outfitting business 
is one that is always in a state of pro- 
jection in Banff; possibly in no tourist 
resort in the world can more pack 
ponies be seen than at this point in the 
season. Hundreds of these sturdy little 
Indian-bred cayuses are always quarter- 
ed around Banff, and can be hired at 
the rate of fifty cents per day per head. 




Packing Outfits and Guides 



for 16 winters is from 12 to 13 inches 
with a maximum at any one time of 48 
inches, the lowest maximum amount 
being 8. 

The extreme temperature is 90.5 
which is exceptionally warm. Tem- 
peratures as high as 80 to 87 occur on 
an average, only about 6 times during 
the summer. 

The mean of the minimum extremes 
of temperature for 16 years is about 30° 
below zero Fah.; the extreme 47° below 
is exceptionally cold. 

If time permit, it is well worth taking 
the trip up the spiral bridle path to the 
site of the Observatory, as the view 
therefrom is one of the grandest to be had. 

It was a large undertaking to put 
the Observatory where it stands, as 
every part of it had to be moved from 



The guides and packers are all expert 
men, and there are none of the outfits 
that will not guarantee the hunter his 
game. Not only for hunting wild 
animals are these sure-footed ponies 
used but large parties of every class of 
the scientific world can be seen leaving 
Banff during the summer and fall on 
exploration trips. 

Persons purposing to go on any of 
the mountain trips would do well to 
correspond with Brewster Transport 
Co., N. K. Luxton, E. Brearley, James 
Simpson, Unwin Brothers or T. E. 
WiLson, all of Banff, and Frank Wcllman 
of Morlcy, Alberta. All these men are 
Government-licensed guides and have 
the very best horses and outfits. 

(See Advertising Section.) 



BANF F GUIDE 



47 



PARKS OF WESTERN CANADA 

While the Dominion has a number 
of Parks in Eastern Canada which are 
serving a most useful purpose, the 
greater number of the large Park areas 
are in the West. This can be well 
understood when it is known that from 
Banff, the gate-way of the Rocky 
Mountains Park, westward, the terri- 
tory is almost one great big park pro- 
position, no farming, as it is treated in 
the East, being carried on. It is a 
section of peaks, and valleys, with 
beautiful rivers and lakes, all abounding 
with game of various kinds, — ^an im- 
mense wild paradise as it were. The 
tendency is to preserve it in such con- 
dition, and the hope is that such ten- 
dency will not only remain a sentiment 
but be put into effect, more and more, 
so that the Dominion may not only 
have a wonderful Park reserve, but that 
the wild animal life may be preserved. 

The Parks of Western Canada, are 
as follows: — ■ 

Buffalo Park adjoins Wainwright, a 
divisional point on the G.T.P., in East- 
ern Alberta. Here runs the largest 
herd of Buffalo in the world. The park 
is 162 miles square and is in charge of 
W. E. D. McTaggart. Outside of the 
attraction of having within its great 
fence the largest herd of Buffalo, it is 
a very picturesque expanse of country, 
— a series of woodland, open territory, 
lakes and valleys. In addition to the 
great bunch of ancient cattle, there are 
also numbers of wild deer, antelope, 
elk and moose, running at large, and 
considerable feathered game is to be 
found. 

A Buffalo Park has also been estab- 
lished in the Moose Mountain district, 
near Areola and Carlyle in Saskatche- 
wan. It is known as the Moose 
Mountain Buffalo Park, and it covers 
28 square miles. Lowry Hanna is the 
superintendent. This is a compara- 
tively new proposition, but gives prom- 
ise with its nice rolling land, studded 
with trees and shrubbery, of being of 
considerable interest. 

Elk Island Park, in northern Alberta, 
is some thirty miles northeast of Ed- 
monton, and it can be reached by auto- 
mobiles. The nearest station is Lamont, 
Alberta. Originally it was solely for 
the Elk, but there are now in it some 
buffalo, moose and mule deer. In the 
centre of the Park, which is 16 miles 
square, is Island Lake, of over one 
thousand acres in extent. There are 
in it a great number of water fowl and 
animals, and the bush is fairly alive 



with partridge and prairie chicken. 
Arch. Coxford is in charge. 

Glacier Park is at the summit of the 
Selkirks, and covers an area of 468 
square miles. The entrance is really 
at Glacier station. The Park is operat- 
ed under the same management as 
Yoho Park. E. W. Russell is superin- 
tendent of both Glacier and Yoho 
Parks. 

Jasper Park is west of Edmonton, 
and is reached by both the G.T.P. and 
C.N.R., though the former claims to 
cover the best territory. The G.T.P. 
has under advisement the erection of 
hotels at Fitzhugh and Minette Hot 
Springs, for which sites have already 
been selected. Roads and trails (horse 
or foot paths) have already been cut, 
but only initial work done. Jasper 
Park comprises an area of 4,400 square 
miles, ten miles on each side of the 
G.T.P. from Parkgate to Yellowhead 
Pass. It bids fair to be a great resort 
for tourists. Jasper is the headquarters 
of the Park and S. M. Rogers is in 
charge. 

Rocky Mountains Park, Alberta, 
was established in 1887. It is the 
largest park, having 1,800 square miles. 
Banff, 82 miles west of Calgary, is the 
headquarters. At this town, there are 
attractive Government offices. Museum 
and Zoo, all being in charge of S. J. 
Clarke. The Museum is a peeled-log 
building, and there are shown birds, 
animals, insects, etc., from all over the 
West. The exhibit is well housed, 
attached to each being not only the 
name, but a short description. Ad- 
jacent to the offices, is a Zoo, where 
live animals are exhibited, in as near to 
natural conditions as can be in captivity, 
and some two miles west of the town, 
is an Animal Paddock, where are buffalo, 
elk, moose and deer. Altogether it is 
a most interesting spot. 

Watertown Lake Park is in Southern 
Alberta, within two miles of the U.S. 
Glacier National Park, and is in charge 
of forest ranger J. G. Brown. It has 
an area of over 423 square miles, and is 
the smallest of the western parks. The 
chief feature is a chain of lakes, and 
there are many fine mountain ranges 
abound. It is reached by Macleod 
and Cardston. 

Yoho Park has Hector or Field for 
entrance, the latter being chiefly used. 
It is on the western slope of the Rockies, 
and is in connection with Glacier Park, 
both being in British Columbia, and 
lies next to Rocky Mountains Park; 
so that they may be almost termed one. 
Yoho Park is 560 miles square, and is 



BANFF GUIDE 



49 



looked after by E. W. Russell. It is 
chiefly mountainous and has many 
attractions to the climber. 

J. B. Harkin is Commissioner of Dom- 
inion Parks with he.dquarters at Ottawa. 
All park business goes through his office. 

P. C. Barnard-Hervey is the chief 
superintendent of Dominion Parks, and 
his headquarters are at Edmontor, 
Alberta. 

Revelstoke National Park. The auto- 
mobile road up to this beautiful natural 
park is now completed to a distance of ten 
miles and an elevation of 3,700 feet. 
(Total length of road, when completed, 
16 miles, and elevation, 7,000 feet.) Area 
of park, 100 square miles. The trip to 
the end of the road can be made at a cost 
of $2.50 each for three 
or more persons. The 
Palace Livery Garage are 
well supplied with com- 
fortable high-power cars 
and careful drivers. The 
view from Look-Out Point 
on this road will repay 
you for a stop-over at 
Revelstoke. Other 
beautiful drives in the 
vicinity. For reserva- 
tions, and full particulars, 
wire collect, or write to 
The Manager, Hotel 
Revelstoke, Revelstoke, 
B.C. 



well lighted and equipped. There is a 
principal and four other teachers. 

RECREATION GROUNDS 

The Recreation Grounds of the Rocky 
Mountains Park are to the west of the 
Zoo, and are reached by several ap- 
proaches on the south side of the Bow 
river. They are on a wide, clean flat, 
hedged in by dense shrubbery, seemingly 
just made for such a thing. Drains 
have been put down, so that the surface 
water is taken care of, and the grounds 
have been graded and seeded where 
necessary. A good sized pavilion, or 
resting place, has been erected towards 
the bank of the river, and from here 



PONIES AND 
SADDLE HORSES 



An exceedingly nice 
way to see the beauties 
of Canada's National 
Park is on horseback. 
This can be done by a 
pony or the ordinary horse. Riding 
outfits are furnished upon short notice, 
and guides can be had for parties at 
reasonable rates. It is a delightful 
way to "take in" the sights, as one does 
not tire with the climbing so readily as 
on foot. There need be no fear of over- 
charge in connection with this way of 
sight-seeing, as the prices charged are 
all controlled by the Government and 
cannot be exceeded. Tariffs can be 
procured at Banff. 

(See Advertising Section.) 




PUBLIC SCHOOL AT BANFF 

The public school of Banff is at the 
corner of Wolf street and Banff Ave. 
It is a very fine stone and red brick 
structure, with excellent class-rooms, 



Saddle Ponies 



fine views of the surroundings can be 
had. The youngster, as well as the 
grown-up, has been thought of in con- 
nection with the equipment, as the 
paraphernalia consists of nearly every- 
thing that can be provided in way of 
recreation. Swings, tumbling bars, 
teeters, etc., give enjoyment to the 
little ones, while nearby the older ones 
can enjoy ball and other sports of all 
kinds. Not only can the grounds be 
reached on foot, and by vehicle, but 
there are launches running to the spot 
in summer, and numbers visit them by 
canoe or row boat. 

A feature in connection with the 
pavilion, which commends itself to the 
sporting element, is the fact that within 
the pavilion there are hot, cold and 
shower baths. 



50 



BANFF GUIDE 




Mount Lepoy and Lake Louise 



BANFF GUIDE 



51 



RUNDLE MOUNTAIN 

Rundle Mountain, in Rocky Mount- 
ains Park, lies a mile or more to the 
southeast of the Bow river bridge, and 
is said to be easy to climb. The altitude 
is given as 9,615 ft. At the north end, 
where it stands out most prominently, 
there is a valley between it and Tunnel 
Mountain, and along this depression 
the Bow river runs. A pony bridal 
path leads to the top. 



are Lynx, Cariboo, Bear, and other 
animal names. The buildings are 
mostly of a unique, original design; log, 
stone and brick entering into the con- 
struction, and many of the living places 
are bungalows. 



SHEEP'S CAVE 

One of the interesting points in 
Canada's National Park is what is 




Cave Avenue, Banff. Mt. Rundle in distance 



RUSTIC IN EVERY RESPECT 

Banff, in the Rocky Mountains Park, 
is original and rustic in all its surround- 
ings. This is even noted in connection 
with the Hospital and Hotels' linen, the 
name being marked at the corners of it 
with colored thread in rustic or irregular 
fashion. Even the pioneer newspaper 
of the town has an original name, being 
called "Crag and Canyon." The drive 
or walk-ways in the Park proper are 
Cave, Glen, Spray and Mountain, de- 
noting the various attractions covered 
by each; and the streets of the town 



known as vSheep's Cave. As there is 
no road it can only be reached on foot. 
The Cave is located on the northwestern 
slope of Sulphur Mountain, and is about 
1,000 ft. above Cave Ave., and a little 
ways beyond the Government Bathing 
Station. The Cave runs some thirty 
feet into the rock and is worth a visit 
by those interested. At one time it 
was likely the outlet of a hot sulphur 
stream, as fine specimens of crystal, 
from the mineral water, are found along 
the walls and roof. Both sheep and 
goats take refuge in the Cave during 
stormy weather. 



BANFF GUIDE 



53 



SPRAY LAKES 

Contiguous to Banff are many places 
which possess attractions for those wish- 
ing to throw off the restraints of civiliza- 
tion, and where they may wile away 
days in pursuit of pleasure. Such 
places are Spray Lakes, situated at the 
eastern end of Goat Mountain, some 
sixteen miles from the town. Here 
fishing abounds. The trail leading to 
them follows the main branch of the 
Spray River, passing through a well 
timbered country, which afforded shelter 
to many a black bear. The trail also 
passes close to a picturesque canyon, 
where the waters of the river rush 
through the narrow defile which separ- 
ates Goat and Sulphur Mountains. 

The upper Spray 
Lake, more familiarly 
known as Trout Lake, 
is a beautiful sheet of 
water, a mile long by 
one-third of a mile in 
width. It is the home 
of many varieties of 
lake and cut-throat 
trout. The latter may 
be caught with rod or 
fly, the sportsman 
using the fly there find- 
ing opportunities for 
the exercise of his art 
unsurpassed by the 
salmon fishing of Nor- 
way. The brooks in 
the neighborhood also 
abound with rainbow 
and bull trout. 



Bow, the sight is inspiring to those 
who love water scenes. The rapids are 
over 75 ft. wide. 

Running on either side of the Spray, 
for quite a long distance, there are foot 
paths, which give wonderful pleasure 
to the Nature lover as the trip is made 
up to the Indian Teepees. It is all 
through wild woods, with beautiful 
verdure in summer time. There is also 
a roadway to vSpray Canyon and Goat 
Mountain, to reach which what is 
known as the Eau Claire Lumber camps 
are passed, the first of which is about 
8 miles out and the second 17 miles. 
Up stream from this latter camp, the 
river forms into lake form a mile long 
by about one-third of a mile wide, called 
Spray Lake, and here there is splendid 




SPRAY RIVER, RAPIDS, AND 
TRAIL 

The Spray river at Banff, in the 
Rocky Mountains Park, is reached to 
the southwest of the Bow river bridge, 
and is a little below Bow Falls. Here, 
in rapids form, it empties into the Bow, 
and the waters are carried on to the 
Saskatchewan, Lake Winnipeg, Nelson 
River, and to the Hudson Bay. A 
little before it loses itself in the greater 
stream of the Bow, there is a bridge 
over which vehicles pass to the Golf 
Links. The river at this point is 
picturesque as the water tumbles hither 
and thither against rocky bed and 
shores, forming beautiful blue-white 
spray rapids. Ever and anon they 
plunge on, as though wild in fury to 
get into the less turbulent stream in 
front. As the Spray empties into the 



Crag and Canyon" Newspaper Office 

fishing. On the way grand views are 
obtained. 



STONEY SQUAW MOUNTAIN 

The mountain lying to the north of 
Banff, appearing as though a slope from 
Cascade, is what is called Stoney Squaw 
Mountain, so-called from the Indians 
on the reservation to the east of Rocky 
Mountains Park. It has more shrub- 
bery and trees on its side than most of 
the other mountains, and is quite a 
rendezvous for sheep in winter. It is 
6,160 ft. high, being about a third lower 
than Cascade. 



STORES AND SUPPLY HOUSES 

Of stores and supply houses Banff 
is up-to-date. There are departmental 
stores, which would do credit in much 
larger places, and the grocery and 



54 



BANFF GUIDE 




BANFF GUIDE 



55 



butcher shops are A.l. , and a merchant 
tailors' that would be a credit in New 
York. No person need carry the idea 
that supplies for the household, and 
outfitting, can be had to better advant- 
age, at larger places, for everything that 
the most fastidious can wish for is to 
be had at Banff. 

(See Advertising Section.) 



SULPHUR MOUNTAIN 

While Sulphur is not the highest 
mountain, it is the most noted, and is 
visited to a greater extent than any of 
the others in the vicinity of Banff. It 
lies immediately south of the townsite, 
the Sanitarium being at its base close 
to the Bow River. Mt. Sulphur is 
8,030 ft. high and has on its topmost 
peak the Dominion Government 
Weather Observatory, which is reached 
on foot or horseback. It is within this 
great pile that the sulphur water has 
its source, and from there is piped to 
the baths using it. On its northern 
side, down within a short distance of 
the Bow river, is the second springs, 
where the water comes bubbling out 
in the open space, and it is also in the 
noted Cave at the Bathing Station. At 
other points it is to be seen, and at each 
place the mineral nature of the liquid 
is quite discernible, as where it runs 
over the surface the rock becomes 
porous. 



SULPHUR WATER 

One of the great features, and one 
that attracts thousands yearly to Banff, 
is the hot sulphur water, which flows 
incessantly from its source away up 
on the east side of Sulphur Mountain, 
and is piped to various places in the 
lower sections. This water, being limit- 
ed in its supply, is only utilized for 
bathing purposes at Grand View Villa, 
the Brett Hospital, the C.P.R. and the 
Government Baths. 

The Dominion authorities have had 
the water analyzed from time to time, 
and its medicinal qualities are vouched 
for. Further reference thereto is made 
under the headings of Sulphur Baths, 
Cave and Basin and Open Swimming 
Pools. 

A peculiarity in connection with the 
sulphur water is that it cannot be very 
well mixed with other liquids; par- 
ticularly does this apply to "Scotch." 



SUNDANCE CANYON 

In the summer, Sundance Canyon is 
one of the choice spots of the Rocky 
Mountains Park. It is about four 
miles west of the Bow river bridge, 
along what is known as the Cave Drive. 
On the way, the Cave and Basin and 
Government Bathing Station and Open 
Swimming Pools are passed. All along 
the way the great mountain ranges 
stand out in fine relief to the north, and 
when near the end of the journey a good 
view of Mt. Edith is obtained. 

Sundance Canyon is a very pictur- 
esque sight as the water tumbles through 
the Canyon. The name is derived 
through the fact that in the early days 
the Indians used to meet upon the 
plateau above the Falls and hold their 
Sundance fete; the young bucks passing 
through the final ordeal, and then being 
admitted to the, to them, sacred rights, 
which made them full-blooded braves. 

The Canyon is a remarkable cleft in 
the solid rock, over and through which 
runs the purest spring water. There 
remains some dispute as to the origin 
of its name, but that the sun's rays 
dance merrily through the dashing 
waters, casting many reflections and 
rainbows on the walls, is quite true. 



TOBOGGAN SLIDE, AND SNOW- 
SHOEING 

The Toboggan Slide at Banff, within 
Canada's National Park, is a decided 
attraction. It is under the charge of 
the Winter Sport's Club, and is purely 
a local affair, the Government so far 
having nothing to do with it. There 
is, however, talk of the Dominion 
authorities building one and conduct- 
ing it along the lines they do the other 
sports in the Park. The old slide, on 
Cariboo St., is about half a mile long, 
and takes from 28 to 35 seconds to 
cover, according to the condition it is 
in. The effort is to keep it "deadened " 
with snow, so that the slow speed is 
more general. It starts away up on 
the west slope of Tunnel Mountain and 
runs down the centre of Cariboo St. to 
Main Ave., where it is turned north by 
a high embankment, the idea being to 
keep toboggans from crossing the main 
thoroughfare. At the opening of the 
winter season, engineers lay out the 
course in the centre of the street, then 
a mould the desired width and depth 
of the slide is taken, and put down. 
Against the sides of this snow is packed, 
and later on frozen by throwing water 
thereon. As the walls aginst the 



56 



BANFF GUIDE 



moulds are made, it is lifted and carried 
to another section, and so on until there 
are sides built all the way down. The 
whole is then gone over carefully and 
made smooth, nothing being allowed 
to remain which would have tendency 




ceedingly pretty, as the colored lights 
lend life to it. Caretakers, or "start- 
ers" are present, and see that every- 
thing is O.K. before the start down is 
made. One of the rules insisted upon 
is that all participants lie down on the 
toboggan. This is 
for safety, as, if 
sitting up, there is 
fear of the individual 
leaning to one side 
and thus directing 
the toboggan in a 
wrong direction. 

Snowshoeing is in- 
dulged in consider- 
ably at Banff, and it 
is quite enjoyable, as 
the climbs up the 
various mountains 
lend special attrac- 
tiveness to the healthy 
sport. Tramps are 
made to various 
points during the 
winter, along the 
valleys and up the 
hills. 



Toboggan Slide 

to lead the toboggan to either side. 
Over half-way up the hillside is a 
pavilion, and here members store their 
toboggans. By the payment of a small 
fee individuals become yearly members, 
and are thus entitled to all the ])rivilcges. 
There are at times special nights, and 
on such occasions the slide looks ex- 



CURLING, 

HOCKEY AND 

SKATING 

Outdoor curling is 
indulged in to a great 
extent at Banff, there 
being some of the 
best curlers in the 
West in the town. 
This is evidenced by 
the fact that in 1915, 
they secured the 
Wiser cup, success- 
fully defending it four 
times. This cup is a 
provincial champion- 
ship trophy. The 
curling is done on 
six sheets of ice, in 
three tiers of two. 
These are made by 
dams, one above the 
other, on a branch of 
the Bow river. Be 
tween each rink there 
is a walkway for spec- 
tators. The two 
most southern rinks are more in the 
open that the others, the two most 
northern being beyond a building 
which covers the full width of the ice. 
This building is on, as it were, "stilts," 
the public being allowed to pass 
under it, and at each side of the 
underground passage are upright lock- 



BANFF GUIDE 



57 



ers. Upstairs is a comfortable waiting 
room. The first two-sheet ice is half 
in the open and the others amongst 
trees, and it is interesting, as one ap- 
proaches the rinks, to hear the calls 
from out the woods. Back of the 
whole is the Vermilion range of 
mountains and in front 

Mt. Rundle towers up. 

Close to these rinks 
is a closed-in- skating 
rink. This is on the 
Bow river proper, and 
is formed by the plac- 
ing of poles in the water 
and allowing them to be 
frozen in permanently. 
These poles carry sec- 
tions of a high board 
fence. On the twenty 
or thirty foot ring, close 
to the fence, the skating 
is done, and within this 
large ring is an oval 
space, surrounded by a 
board and wire top 
fence, in which the 
hockey games are play- 
ed. Frequently there 
are good exhibitions of 
hockey. 



nection therewith there is a taxidermist, 
so that hunters can have their trophies 
cured in proper manner. 

There is a nicely kept Japanese store 
on Banff Ave., carrying a very fine line 
of Oriental goods, besides curios. 
(See Advertising Section.) 



CURIO SHOPS 

Of curio shops there 
are quite a number in 
Banff, the more promin- 
ent being Fear's, Lux- 
ton's, Unwin's and 
McKay & Dippie's. 

That of Miss Unwin, 
and the Messrs. Fear 
Brothers, are on Banff 
avenue. They both 
carry the ordinary well- 
stocked line of curios, 
and the latter has in 
addition photography. 

That of Luxton's is 
the largest in town, and 
is perhaps more of a 
museum than of a curio 
shop. It is on the 
south bank of the Bow 
river, just as Cave 
avenue forks off towards the Bathing 
Station, and close to the Banff garage. 
It is well worth a visit, as there 
can be seen not only the usual small 
novelties carried in curio stores but 
also a number of mounted heads and 
hides of animals. It is an excellent 
museum in itself, and affords consider- 
able interest to the visitor. In con- 




Curling Rink, Banff 



DEVIL'S CANYON 

Eight and one-half miles from Banff, 
on the road to Devil's Lake, is Devil's 
Canyon, which takes its name from the 
Devil's Head Mountain. It is spanned 
by a rustic bridge, from where the 
Canyon can be seen the best. So deep 
are the shadows of the canvon that the 



58 



BANFF GUIDE 




BANFF GUIDE 



59 



best photographer cannot do this grand 
scene full justice. 

With the horse's head facing towards 
Lake Minnewanka, the concrete dam 
of the Calgary Power Co. is seen to the 
left, crossing the Canyon. 



DEVIL'S HEAD 

So called by the Indians, this peculiar 
shaped mountain top, situated near 
Lake Minnewanka, always stands snow- 
less and black the year round, and can 
be seen from any direction of the com- 
pass, many miles away. Old-timers 
claim that the Devil's Head has changed 
considerably of late, many parts of it 
breaking off, precipitating its masse? of 
rock into the vallev 
below. 



THEATRE. AND MOVIES 

While the tendency of nearly every- 
thing within Rocky Mountains Park 
is towards outside enjoyment, there are 
amusements for the "rainy day." In 
connection with the Sanitarium hotel, 
there is a very nice theatre. It is a 
little to the west of the leading entrance 
to the hotel, more towards the Cave 
driveway. Very often companies, pas- 
sing through Banff, stop off a few days 
and give performances. Local talent 
frequently gets up entertainments. 
Dancing is also indulged in, music being 
furnished by a first-class orchestra 
connected with the San. 

Up-town, on the main street, within 
a few minutes' walk of the different 



ASSEMBLY HALL 

Facing Cariboo St 
a short distance from 
the main thorough- 
fare of Banff is what 
is known as Brew- 
ster's Hall. This is 
a large two-storey 
building and is well 
equipped for gather- 
ings of all kinds. 
The Hall, proper, 
is on the ground 
floor, and in it week- 
ly dances are held 
during the winter 
season, while in the 
summer they are held 
nightly. Music for 
these is furnished by 
the Banff orchestra 
(not the wolves and 
coyotes), which has 
the credit of furnishing the very 
of music. 

The second storey of the building 
is used exclusively by the Masonic 
fraternity and the Eastern Star, and is 
one of the most elaborately decorated 
lodge rooms in the province. Cascade 
Lodge is the fifth Masonic Lodge to be 
organized in Alberta, and has a very 
large membership considering the size 
of the town. Their regular night of 
meeting is the 1st Thursday on or before 
full moon, and all Masons visiting the 
Park are cordially invited and welcomed. 
Members of the Eastern Star who are 
sojourning here are also invited to attend 
their sessions which take place the 
Friday preceding the Masonic meeting. 




best 



hotels, are two moving picture houses, 
— the Harmony and the Lux — they are 
both well furnished, and are in connec- 
tion with regular circuits, so that the 
best of pictures are exhibited; and they 
are changed daily. 



TUNNEL MOUNTAIN 

Tunnel Mountain, which stands as 
a sort of guardian angel to the east of 
Banff, is 5,5 10 ft. above sea level. The 
summit is hollow in form, embracing 
quite a stretch of land. The view, as 
the ascent is made, either by trail or 
roadway, is one wonderful panoramic 
scene of valleys below and hills above. 
A magnificent view of Bow Falls, and 



60 



BANFF GUIDE 



on over to the C.P.R. hotel, is secured. 
Vehicles must only travel in one direc- 
tion, on the Tunnel Mountain road; 
otherwise trouble will ensue. 

Tunnel Mountain is said to have 
received its name through the fact, 
that, when the C.P.R. was locating its 
line, the proposition was to run a 
tunnel through the mountain. It had 
been decided that the railway follow 
the Bow valley, from Medicine Hat 
westwards, and on reaching this point 



by boat. The latter is an enchanting 
trip, and can be made with a great deal 
of comfort and pleasure by either canoe 
or rowboat. To reach the lakes, one 
covei's first a portion of the Bow River, 
then, run is made into Echo river, and 
next along Willow Creek. The trip 
is one that will not soon be forgotten, 
as it gives to the outdoor lover all that 
is invigorating, enchanting, romantic 
and restful, in way of water, trees, 
shrub and mountain scenerv. It is 




Bow Peak and Bow Lake 



the mountain was in the way and 
through it a tunnel was proposed. 
Later the valley to the north, along 
which the road now runs between 
Tunnel and Cascade, was located, and 
the road carried around that way. The 
tunnel was to enter at the flats on the 
east side and come out a short distance 
north of the head of Bow Falls. 



VERMILION LAKES 

The Vermilion Lakes, so called after 
their color, can be reached by driving 
west along the Pacific Auto Drive; or 



one of the most delightful trips that 
can be taken around Banff, and it can 
be made within very reasonable limits 
as to cost. The lakes, a special resort 
for canoeists, are noted for their beauti- 
ful reflections, the picturesque Kdith 
and Vermilion Mountains being out- 
lined in their mirror-like surface. 



WALKS AND CLIMBS 

Yearly, the number wishing to see 
the beauties of the Rocky Mountains 
Park on foot is increasing, and this has 
led to the building of more walks. Not 



BANFF GUIDE 



61 



only are foot trails being opened to 
points of scenic beauty, but rest-hot'ses 
are being established at suitable places 
along the trails. So varied are the 
attractions around Banff for the Pedes- 
trian, that it is. difficult to fix upon any 
definite trips, but here are a few mapped 
out: 

1 . To Cave and Basin, and Swim- 
ming Pool, one mile, one hour's time. 
On the way, the Mountain Tea-room 
is passed, and sight is obtained of the 
Boat Landings and Recreation Grounds. 
If the Cave and Basin is explored, and 
a plunge made in the open pool, add 
another hour. From in front of the 
Bathing Station, an unexcelled panor- 
amic view of the river valley is obtained, 
with mountains away off. 

2. By another three hours, or in all, 
a half day, the further trip of three miles, 
to Sundance Canyon, can be added to 
above. 

3 . Through the Animal Park, taking 
in the Zoo, and look through the 
Museum. One hour; the time depend- 
ing largely upon how long is taken in 
sight-seeing. 

4. A beautiful walk is along the 
north-east bank of the Bow River, 
around the base of Tunnel Mountain, 
to the top of Bow Falls, and on, until 
a full view of the Golf Links is obtained. 
Magnificent view all along. Can be 
done in couple of hours. 

5 . In an hour, a walk can be made 
over the bridge, turning up Buffalo 
street, past the unique Episcopal church, 
and on up around the Corkscrew road 
on Tunnel Mountain. 

6. By an additional three hours 
the further trip of three miles to the 
Buffalo Paddock, can be made. 

7 . Through the town to the unique 
station, and along the road running 
west and north to the Pacific Auto 
Drive. Along this, the Pedestrian can 
go as far as time will allow, in all 
probability, seeing Mountain Sheep on 
the way. An hour or more. 

8. Along Glen Avenue, to the Bow 
Falls and Spray Rapids, around by the 
Fish Hatchery, and out and back on 
Spray Ave. One hour. Should the 
trip be continued on to the Golf Links, 
two or three hours more. 

9. Along Spray Ave., past the Brett 
Hospital a number of nice residences 
and unique bungalows, to the C.P.R. 
hotel, having fine view of the Swimming 
Pool and look over Bow Falls and on 
through the valley to the Golf Links. 
If continued down the winding stair- 
way, and on over the bridge, crossing 
Spray Rapids, to the Links, half a day. 



10. Along Spray Ave., past the 
Hospital and residences to the pathway 
up Sulphur Mountain, and on to the 
Grand View Villa, to the Sulphur 
Springs Source. Half a day. 

11. A pleasant walk, between tall 
pines, is up Mountain Ave., along the 
first trail running east, and back on 
Spray Ave., passing the cottages and 
Hospital. Half an hour. 

12. Up Mountain Ave., past the 
Alpine Club quarters, to the Rest 
Pavilion, and return, one hour, giving 
fine view of the valley and mountains 
to the north and east. 

13. Continuing above on up to the 
Upper Springs, and allow rest thereat, 
and drink at the sulphur springs source, 
half a day had best be taken, and to 
continue on to the Observatory at the 
top of Mount Sulphur, to do justice to 
one's self and the trip, a day should be 
taken. 

14. An attractive walk is up 
Mountain Ave., to the third turn in 
the avenue, and along the stream run- 
ning down the mountain. This can be 
done in an hour, but to enjoy the trip 
to the best advantage, a day should be 
taken, thus allowing for ramble along 
the stream and in the woods. 

15. A fine hour's walk is over the 
bridge to Buffalo street and along to 
either Otter or Grizzly, thence on Wolf, 
Lynx, Cariboo and Bear, to the Park 
Zoo, and return, passing the churches, 
modern houses and some of the old log 
buildings, public school and firehall. 
Various mountain ranges are in view 
all the time. The walk can be varied 
by continuing down Wolf to, and along. 
Bow River, to the Park. At the east 
end of Buffalo street, is the Town 
Cemetery, with its rustic fence, on a 
level section of land, as though created 
purposely at the base of Tunnel Mount- 
ain, and a little further on, is the unique 
home of Banff's authoress. From the 
river, a good view is obtained of the 
Fireguard and Alpine Club quarters. 

16. It will take a couple hours or 
more, to pass through the town, over 
the C.P.R. track, and on up Stony 
Squaw Mountain. The trail leads off 
the Pacific Auto Drive, and the trip is 
an attractive one at any time. 

17. To the source of Banff's water 
supply. Forty Mile Creek, between 
Stony Squaw Mountain and Cascade, 
through the Buffalo Park, for which 
three or more hours should be taken. 
On this trip is passed the enclosures 
in which are the Mountain Goat and 
Sheep, and other animals not seen in 
the drive. 



62 



BANFF GUIDE 



18. Up Mountain Ave. to the Rest 
Pavilion, thence west along the trail 
to the Middle Springs. An hour or 
more. From this point the trip is made 
to Sheep's Cave, to reach which con- 
siderable climbing is necessary as the 
trail is not yet graded. 

19. A two or three hours' is up 
Cariboo street, to a well-graded trail, 
and on up to the top of Tunnel Mount- 
ain. 



THE END OF THE TRAIL 

" And when I come to the end of the trail," 

He said, "May it be December 
When the pines droop low, with their 
weight of snow. 
And the lakes lie hushed in the sun- 
set glow — 
I will close my eyes and remember 
The dim wood paths when the year was 
new. 
And the thrill of a crisp September; 




Sunset on the Bow River 



WHISKEY CREEK 

Whiskey Creek is a small stream to 
the northeast of the town, which works 
its way into larger streams, finally 
passing through Banff. It is reached 
on a trip to the Animal Paddock. 



The welcome sight of a camp fire bright 
And the scent of pines through the 

summer night; 
Joys of the north which will never fail — 
But the best and last, the end of the trail, 
On a snowy day in December." 

— May Stanley. 



This appears on the Dominion Livery Tariffs: 



GOVERNMENT REQUEST— Do your best to save the forest; it is the 
chief charm of a national i>ark. A camp fire, lighted match, cigar, cigarette. 
or the live ashes from a pipe may dciitroy many square miles of trees, 
shrubs, flowers, ferns, and other hcautiful things. 



BANFF GUIDE 



63 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Alpine Club, and Climbing 23 

Animal Paddock 21 

Assembly Hall 59 

Auto Drive, and Motor Roads .... 23 

Banff, the Beautiful 7 

Bathing Station 15 

Bathing in Warm Water Surround- 
ed by Icicles 17 

Board of Trade 27 

Boat Trips 27 

Boathouses, Canoes, and Rowboats 27 

Bow River, and Falls 27 

Brett Hospital 27 

Canada's National Park 7 

Canadian Zoo 21 

Cascade Creek 32 

Cascade Mountain 29 

Cave and Basin, inside of Mountain 13 

Churches of Banff 30 

Coal Mines 30 

Corkscrew Drive 32 

C.P.R. Hotel 32 

Curio Shops 57 

Curling, Hockey, and Skating. ... 56 

Deer in Rocky Mountains Park . . 23 

Devil's Canyon 57 

Devil's Head 59 

Drives 35 

Echo, and Willow Creek 36 

Facts Regarding Banff 5 

Fish Hatchery in Rocky Mountains 

Park 36 

Fishing in Rocky Mountains Park 36 

Government Request 62 

Health Resort 9 

Height of Important Mountains . . 9 

Hotels, Boarding Houses, and Grills 17 

Hunting in Western Canada 19 

Interesting Places, and Distances . 1 1 



Page 

Introductory 3 

Lake Minnewanka, and Fishing . . 37 

Livery Tariff 38 

Log Butcher Shop 38 

Loop Drive 38 

Lodges (See Assembly Hall) 59 

Massive (Bourgeau) Range 39 

Middle Springs 39 

Mountain Climbing 42 

Mounted Police 44 

Mt. Edith, and Pass 42 

Museum 29 

Mystic and Sawback Lakes 44 

Observatory and Weather 44 

Packing Outfits, and Guides 46 

Parks of Western Canada 47 

Park Regulations in Brief 11 

Ponies and Saddle Horses 49 

Public School at Banff 49 

Recreation Grounds 49 

Rundle Mountain 51 

Rustic in Every Respect 51 

Rustic Lumber Yard 39 

Sheep 's Cave 51 

Spray Lakes 53 

Spray River, Rapids, and Trail ... 53 

Stoney Squaw Mountain 53 

Stores, and Supply Houses 53 

Sulphur Mountain 55 

Sulphur Water 55 

Sundance Canyon 55 

Theatre, and Movies 59 

"The End of the Trail" 62 

" The Top O ' the World " 5 

Toboggan Slide, and Snowshoeing. 55 

Tunnel Mountain 59 

Upper Hot Springs 15 

Vermilion Lakes 60 

Walks and Climbs 60 

Whiskey Creek 62 



BANFF GUIDE 



65 



ax© 



THE GREATEST TRANSPORTATION 
SYSTEM IN THE WORLD 

OWNS AND OPERATES— 

18,000 miles of railway lines 

77 ocean, lake and river steamers. 

19 hotels. 

100,000 miles of commercial telegraph wires. 

Its rail lines stretch from ocean to ocean, and through many of the 
adjoining States. 

Its steamship lines operate to Europe, the Orient, Australasia, and 
through the Great Lakes and Rivers of Canada. 

Its hotels extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific. 

Its commercial telegraph wires form a net-work over Canada. 

It runs for 600 miles through the Rocky and Selkirk Mountains, affording 
passengers an opportunity to view the grandest and most awe- 
inspiring scenery in the World, and to stop over at the world-famous 
resorts, Banff. Lake Louise, Field and Glacier. 

Agents are in a position to give information in connection with the trans- 
portation facilities of all foreign countries. 

The Company has agents in the principal cities in the United States. 

For tickets, information and full particulars, apply to any agent of the 
Company, or to — ■ 



A. C. SHAW, 

General Passenger Agent, 
WINNIPEG 



c. E. Mcpherson, 

Assistant Passenger TraflHc Manager. 
WINNIPEG 



66 



BANFF GUIDE 



Kr< --i'i •'rs-aa 




Interior of Store 

SIGN OF 

Tke G(Da4 Ctuio© £©03 Ltdo 

Store, South of Bow River, near Boat House 

LARGEST AND MOST SCIENTIFIC PRIVATE COLLECTION IN CANADA 
GAME HEADS, FUR RUGS, ETC. 

N. K. LUXTON, Manager 




I nterior of Store 



BANFF GUIDE 



67 



*TELLS YOU WHERE TO GO 
THEN TAKES YOU THERE'' 



BEST EQUIPPED LIVERY 

In the Canadian National Park 

Hunting and Fishing Parties 

Taken Charge of 

YOUR GAME GUARANTEED 



References 

Dr. Hornaday, New York Zoological Gardens 
Alpine Club of Canada 



N. K. LUXTON 



Proprieior 

KING EDWARD 
LIVERY CO., Ltd. 




68 



BANFF GUIDE 



Let Us Arrange Your Side Trips 



During many long years of experience we have learned just what the 
tourist most wants to know about BANFF, LAKE LOUISE and FIELD, 
and shall be pleased to have you call on us for full information. 



DRIVING: 



Having the largest and most up-to-date outfit in the 
West, the best service is assured. A variety of vehicles, 
such as Tally-Hos, Hacks, Victorias, Surries, Democrats and Singles, together 
with well-groomed horses, in the hands of competent drivers, are facts 
which warrant your patronage and assure pleasure, safety and satisfaction. 



Tj jr^TXT/-^ , For those desiring the more exhilarating method of seeing 
IvlL/llMvj . the beauty spots of the Park, we have an unlimited supply 
of stire-footed ponies and comfortable saddles at your disposal. 



BOATING 



The most beautiful trip of all is the Launch trip on 
Lake Minnewanka. Tickets, including Tally-Ho drive 
can be procured at all hotels. A very comfortable Chalet, situated on 
the edge of the lake, serving meals at all hours, adds interest to the trip. 
Row boats also supplied for fishing parties. 



Insist upon hiring your Livery from 



The Brewster Transport Company, Limited 

Three Stables at Banff, Two at Lake Louise and Two at Field 



WHEN ARRANGING YOUR TRIP 



Did they mention the fact that The Brewster Trad- 
ing Company Limited carry a well selected stock of 

FANCY GROCERIES. FRESH FRUITS, 

BISCUITS, CHOCOLATES. DRY GOODS, 

BOOTS and SHOES, Etc. 

in fact everything to make your outing a complete 
success. Obliging Salespeople to supply you with 

EVERYTHING TO EAT EVERYTHING TO WEAR 



The Brewster Trading Company, Limited 



BANFF. ALBERTA 



BANFF GUIDE 



69 



MOUNT ROYAL HOTEL 

BANFF - ALBERTA 




ROTUNDA OF MOUNT ROYAL HOTEL 

American Plan, $3.00 per day. 60 Rooms all outside. 
Steam Heated. Running Water. Electric Lighted. 
Dining Room newly decorated, seats 75. Orchestra. 
Location, right in Town. 

=:= Headquarters for _ 



Boating, Bathing, 
Riding and Driving 



JAMES BREWSTER, 

Proprietor 



A. E. ELLIS, 

Manager 



BANFF G UIDE 




HUNTING, FISHING, CAMPING 

THE CANADIAN ROCKIES offer Big Game 
Hunters the largest and least frequented Field 
in America: Big Horn, Goat, Grizzly Bear, 
Moose, Deer, etc., are to be found in close prox- 
imity to the Railroad. 

The Lakes and Streams which abound in fish, 
chiefly Trout of several varieties, offer ample 
opportunity for the ANGLER to display his skill. 

TO THE CAMPER desirous of escaping the 
city's heat and dust for a few days or weeks, 
the Snow-capped Peaks and Beautiful \'aUeys 
of the Canadian Rockies offer a peculiar^charm, 
nowhere else to be found. 



Goat Shot by a Lady 




On Trail to 
Hunting Ground 



Write us to-day for full particulars of trips 
and two beautifully illustrated booklets. 



V 



Outfitting Department ^^ 

The Brewster Transport Co. 

LIMITED 

Largest Outfitters in America 
Branches at Lake Louise and Field, B.C. 



This Fine 
Trophy Now 
Adorns a 
Hunter's Home 




BANFF GUIDE 



71 



CROWN LUMBER 
^CO., LTD.^ 



CARIBOO AND BEAVER STREETS 




^v^i.'^Ai'iJt. 



Everything m 

BUILDING MATERIALS 



Estimates Given Careful Attention 

No Bill Too Large, None Too Small 



P.O. Box 205. 



Head Office, CALGARY 



72 BANFFGUIDE 

DAVE WHITE & CO. 

Pioneer Merchants of 
Banff National Park 

Established 1894 



Carrying the Most Complete Stock of 

GENERAL MERCHANDISE 

to be found in The Rocky Mountains Park 

GROCERIES, FRUIT, CONFECTIONERY, 

MEN'S FURNISHINGS, BOOTS AND SHOES, DRY GOODS. 

LADIES' WEAR, MILLINERY, 

FURNITURE, HARDWARE, PAINT 



COTTAGES FOR RENT 



Visit our Curio Department 



SOUVENIRS OF BANFF 
VIEW BOOKS, MOUNTAIN PICTURES, POST CARDS. 
INDIAN CURIOS, MOCASSINS 



NO TOURIST PRICES AT THIS STORE 

DAVE WHITE 8c CO 

"THE STORE OE QUALITY" 



BANFFGUIDE 73 




Shamrock Brand 



Hams, Bacon, Butter and Lard represent 
the very choicest products in these lines. 
Give our famous SHAMROCK Sausage 
a trial. :: Fresh Meats a specialty. 



Prompt and Careful Service 

P. BURNS CO., Ltd. 

BANFF - ALTA. 

And throughout Alberta and B.C. 



74 



BANFF GUIDE 



Weii Thought Out 



When you start out to travel, an outfit is the first thought ; then 
the trip and the towns and cities you wish to stop at ; next the 
hotels that give the travelling public the common comforts and 
enjoyments it pa^s for. 




In stopping off at ^anff, the Switzerland of Canada, \)ou will 
find a place to stop at called the 

Homestead and ^ungalobef'* 

rvith its pretty row of Cottages and beautiful Green Lawns, 
'^his place is noted for its Clean T^ooms and ^eds, its splendid 
wholesome Home Cooking, and good, first-class Table ^oard. 
The longer you sta\;, the more \)ou regret to leave. 

Terms: ^2.00 Ver Dajr and Up 

WeeKJy "Rates on jApplicaiion 
Write for further particulars. 



Thone 74- 



JOHJS LOCKB, Trop. 



BANFF GUIDE 



75 



OF>POS/TE* R.O. 







ImporteTs and Dealers 



Japanese Fancy Goods 

Silks, Curios, Toys, Eh 




H 



^ 



SOUVENIRS, PENNANTS, SPOONS 
INDIAN LEATHER GOOTiS, SWEETS 
GRASS BASKETS, VIEW ^CCKS :: 
LARGE COLLECTION OE LOCAL VIEW 
'POST CARDS===== 



Courteous 




"Uhe Store that will Qive You Satisfaction 



76 



BANFF GUIDE 



Hunting in the Canadian Rockies 

WITH GUN OR KODAK 



Climbing and Pleasure Parties Arranged 
Specialize in Sheep and Goat 

OPEN SEASON SEPT. 1st to OCT. 15th 

OTHER GAME IN SEASON— DEER— BEAR— CARIBOU 




CORRESPOND WITH- 



JAMES SIMPSON, Banff, Alberta 

Licensed Government Hunter and Gude 



Will Guarantee to place Sportsmen within easy shooting disfaRce. 



BANFFGUIDE 



J. McCOWAN 

TAILOR TO LADIES 
AND GENTLEMEN 



Ladies' and Gentlemen's 
Suits and Coats Made 
to Measure at Shortest 
Notice 



Cleaning Pressing Repairing 



V V 



2 DOORS FROM POST OFFICF. Phone 64. 



78 



BANFF GUIDE 



Park Liquor Store 

Wholesale Dealers in Imported Wines 
and Liquors, Domestic and Imported 
Beer and Cigars 



P.O. BOX 54 



PHONE 443 




Hoodoos on Mount Rundle, Rocky Mountains Park 



BANFF GUIDE 



79 



King Edward Hotel 



The King Edward Hotel is one of the oldest 
hostelrys in Banff, catering to the tourist trade 
for the pa^ ten years. From a log building 
stopping place it has gradually replaced itself 
until today it is a magnificent three-storey solid 
brick building with all modern conveniences. 



American plan. 



$2.50 per day and up. 
L. C. ORR. Manager 




This hotel has always been noted for its excllent 
horse livery accommodation. Tally-Hos make 
regular trips around the Park at party prices, 
giving the patrons of the hotel every chance 
to see the beautiful spots of the Park. 



80 



BANFF GUIDE 



ALL TRIPS AROUND BANFF 
ARE GOOD TRIPS 

EVERY VISITOR SHOULD TAKE AS MANY OF THEM AS POSSIBLE 

But here is a trip that none should miss. One of the best and 
within reach of all 

Banff's Beauti ful River Trip 

SIXTEEN MILE MOTOR LAUNCH TRIP ON BOW RIVER 




PASSENGER LAUNCHES RUN FROM 



Bow River Boat House andfrom Banff Boat Livery 

every morning at 10.30, every afternoon at 
3 and 4.30. Round trip, 16 miles, time 90 
minutes - - _ Fare, 75 cents 



SPECIAL EVENING TRIP 

ROUND TRIP, TEN MILES TIME, ONE HOUR 
FARE 50 CENTS 



^ These Launches are Safe and Comfortable, carry 
thirty Passengers each, and start on time if t\vo or more 
fares are aboard. For further particulars apply 



Bow River Boat House 



Phone 63 






ip|# 



GOVERNMENT REQUEST 

Do your best to save the forest; 
it is the chief charm of a national 
park.. ■^ camp fire, lighted match, 
cigar, cigarette, or the live ashes 
from a pipe may destroy many 
square miles of trees, shrubs, flowers, 
ferns and other beautiful things. 



w 



I 






Banff Hot Springs. 



This book '^ issued by the Banff Board of Trade Iv ^iic tryurrnunun la 
the Travelling Public, and is published by "Crag and Canyon," Banff. 



p 

3797 

B3^B3 



Banff, Alta. Board of Trade 
50 Switzerlands in one 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY